Egyptian Minister of Finance has issued on 8th October 2018 of new decree 542/2018 to organize and announce the internal control standards for ERP systems.

These standards have to be available under certain to let the tax authority rely on the output for ERP systems.

This has been issued matching with article (78) of Income Tax Law 91/2005 and article (13) of Value Added Tax Law (VAT) 67/2016, and its executive regulation, the tax authority has the right to perform ERP systems inspection to ensure the standard quality of the ERP systems.

This table represents the 12 standards mentioned and divided into three groups:


No. of standard

Name of standard

General Controls


Segregation of Duties


Program based documentation


Control for electronic assets


Control and security for ERP system access

Application Controls


Input Controls


Processing Control


Output Control

Financial Reporting and Tax controls


General provisions


Control for general accounting applications


Control for sales applications


Control for purchases applications


Control for Inventory applications

Aim for each Standard:

  1. Segregation of Duties: This standard aims to segregate the duties by each employee in each job in order to avoid fraud.
  2. Program based documentation: This standard aims to provide written descriptions for the system in order to act as guideline to operate more efficient.
  3. Control for electronic assets: This standard aims in keeping the date safe by having strong software and backups in order to keep data safe.
  4. Control and security for ERP system access: This standard aims to secure the data in order to make it accessible only for the correct people.
  5. Input controls: This standard aims to update all the documents, and also restricts the access on it by not adding, deleting or amending any unauthorized data on it.
  6. Processing Control: This standard aims to link all the transactions and statements, in order to make all the transactions connected and matched with each other. In addition to, performing in data processing needed.
  7. Output Control: This standard aims to give only the eligible people access on this control in order to keep it safe.
  8. General provisions: This standard aims to determine the minimum requirements that should be practical and available in the system.
  9. Control for general accounting applications: This standard is the important standard for the core of the system, it links all the legal books and the accounting transactions with each other, in order to issue final trial balance.
  10. Control for Sales applications: This standard aims to ensure that all the transactions and data related to sales are correct without any misstatements.
  11. Control for purchases applications This standard aims to ensure that all the transactions and data related to purchases are correct without any misstatements.
  12. Control for Inventory applications: This standard aims to ensure that all the transactions and data related to inventory are correct without any misstatements, in terms of its quantities, prices and descriptions of the item.

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