22 April 2024

Canada's Artificial Intelligence And Data Act (AIDA) 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

Cox & Palmer


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In a pivotal move to navigate the rapidly evolving landscape of artificial intelligence (AI), Canada introduced the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA)...
Canada Intellectual Property
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Introduction to AIDA

In a pivotal move to navigate the rapidly evolving landscape of artificial intelligence (AI), Canada introduced the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA) as part of Bill C-27, the Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2022. Marking a significant stride towards a regulatory framework, AIDA ensures the safe and responsible development and deployment of AI technologies. It fosters innovation while aligning Canada's approach with international standards, establishing a precedent for AI governance.

Background and Purpose

AIDA pioneers a risk-based regulatory framework focused on "high-impact" AI systems. This method aims to balance technological advancements with the safeguarding of public safety and ethical standards. It addresses wide-ranging concerns from privacy and security to fairness and accountability. Developed through extensive consultations with stakeholders and experts, AIDA embodies a comprehensive approach to understanding AI's multifaceted impacts.

Understanding the Risk-Based Approach

Scope and Applicability

AIDA extends its jurisdiction to private sector entities involved in the design, development, or deployment of AI systems within international and interprovincial trade and commerce. This broad coverage includes various AI technologies, highlighting the Act's extensive reach in regulating the AI systems' lifecycle.

The Act mandates a rigorous assessment and mitigation of risks for high-impact AI systems, ensuring adherence to safety and ethical guidelines. It differentiates between levels of AI risks, requiring tailored responses that reflect the specific nature and scope of potential impacts.

Key Obligations and Requirements

Entities under AIDA are required to conduct risk assessments, establish risk mitigation measures, ensure continuous monitoring, and publicly disclose information about the functioning, intended use, and risk management of high-impact AI systems. The Minister of Innovation, Science, and Industry is empowered with considerable authority to enforce compliance, including conducting audits and imposing penalties for violations.

Enforcement and Penalties

AIDA introduces a robust enforcement mechanism, including substantial fines to deter reckless or malicious AI use. It establishes the role of AI and Data Commissioner to oversee compliance and act as a liaison between the government and private sector.

International Context and Future Directions

As jurisdictions worldwide advance similar legislative efforts, AIDA contributes to a harmonized global approach to AI governance. Its alignment with principles outlined in international frameworks, such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 's AI Principles and the European Union's AI Act, fosters a cooperative stance on AI regulation on the international stage.

Current Status

As of 2024, Bill C-27, encompassing AIDA, is under committee consideration in the House of Commons. Its enactment timeline will depend on the legislative process's progression. The bill's companion document, offering insights into its intentions and scope, provides crucial details on legislative intent and expected operational aspects.


  • What is the purpose of AIDA? To ensure the safe and responsible development and deployment of AI technologies, balancing innovation with ethical and safety standards.
  • Who does AIDA apply to? Private sector entities designing, developing, or deploying AI systems in trade and commerce.
  • What are the key obligations under AIDA? Conducting risk assessments, establishing mitigation measures, public disclosure, and continuous compliance monitoring.


AIDA signifies Canada's commitment to leading in AI governance, emphasizing safety, transparency, and accountability. Its implications for businesses, consumers, and the broader AI ecosystem underscore the importance of proactive engagement and compliance strategies. As the act progresses towards enactment, staying informed and prepared will be crucial for all stakeholders involved.

Further Reading and Resources:

  • Bill C-27 Text: Visit the Parliament of Canada's website for the official text of Bill C-27. This will provide comprehensive details on the legislative language and specifics of AIDA.
  • Bill C-27 Companion Document: Available on the Government of Canada's official website, this document offers insights into the bill's objectives, providing context and explanations for its provisions.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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