Most major sports teams invite fans to receive text message alerts about breaking news, player trades, scores, etc.  Teams often use these services to collect information about their fans and to promote products and events.  However, promotional text messages are heavily regulated and are frequent targets of class action plaintiffs. 

Just last week a California resident filed a complaint against the Pittsburgh Penguins hockey team, claiming that the Penguins violated the federal telemarketing law that regulates promotional text messages by sending more text messages per week than the Penguins stated it would send.  The plaintiff claimed that he signed up to receive hockey news and special offers from the Penguins and its affiliates in the form of text messages sent to his mobile device.  The terms and conditions of the subscription stated "Maximum of 3 messages a week." 

The plaintiff claims that in the first week after subscribing he received five text message alerts from the Penguins, and four the following week.  The plaintiff filed suit, claiming that any promotional text messages sent in excess of the agreed-upon three-per-week were unsolicited text messages and therefore violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA).  The TCPA requires that marketers obtain prior express consent before sending promotional text messages.  The plaintiff claimed that he granted consent to receive three text messages per week, but there was no consent for any text messages in excess of three per week.  The plaintiff also included a claim for breach of contract.

The TCPA provides a private right of action, including class actions; state Attorneys General can also enforce the Act.  Plaintiffs can sue for actual damages or $500 per violation, with penalties tripled for willful violations.  In the last year, there have been several other class action complaints involving promotional text messages: in these cases, plaintiffs claimed marketers failed to obtain express consent or that consent had been revoked.

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