In a November 20, 2017 post, we reported on Massachusetts' passage of H. 3822, "An Act Further Regulating Employer Contributions to Health Care," (the "Act"), the purpose of which is to shore up the finances of the Commonwealth's Medicaid program and its Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). The law has two components or tiers.
- Tier 1 increases the Employer Medical Assistance Contribution ("EMAC") from an annual maximum fee of $51 per employee to $77 per employee; and
- Tier 2 imposes a tax penalty— or "EMAC supplement"— on employers with more than 5 employees. The penalty is 5% of a covered employee's unemployment insurance taxable wages up to the $15,000 per year (i.e., a cap of $750 per covered employee) for each nondisabled employee who receives health insurance coverage through the Massachusetts Division of Medical Assistance (i.e., MassHealth) or subsidized insurance through the Massachusetts Health Insurance Connector Authority (i.e., ConnectorCare). Employers are not, however, liable for the Tier 2 EMAC supplement in the case of employees who enroll in MassHealth's Premium Assistance Program.
The Act directs the Commonwealth's Department of Unemployment Assistance (DUA) to promulgate regulations implementing the new Tier 2 penalty. Employers pay EMAC supplemental contributions quarterly. The DUA recently issued draft rules regulations along with useful set of FAQs on the subject. As we explained previously:
[T]he draft regulations implementing the tier 2 EMAC supplement follow the statute while providing additional details. . . .The rules governing which employers are affected generally follow existing rules governing unemployment insurance in the Commonwealth. Identifying which employers are affected, and how assessments—or "contributions"—are assessed and collected closely track existing law.
Two features of the draft regulations are worth noting.
- What data is use to determine, and who determines the Tier 2 EMAC supplement payments?
First, the principal responsibly for determining which employees trigger assessments by reason of qualifying for and receiving health insurance coverage from MassHealth or subsidized insurance from ConnectorCare rests with the DUA. Thus the EMAC rules operate in a manner that is fundamentally different from the now repealed "fair share employer contribution" requirement under the 2006 Massachusetts health care reform law. (The Commonwealth's fair share employer contribution requirement was the precursor, and roughly analogous to the employer shared responsibility provisions of the Affordable Care Act.) Under the fair share employer contribution requirements, employers were obligated to obtain signed forms—referred to as Health Insurance Responsibility Disclosure (or "HIRD") forms. The Tier 2 EMAC rules don't operate this way. Rather, the DUA determines and assesses the penalty. Any required EMAC supplement payments that an employer owes are simply added to the statement showing the employer's Unemployment Insurance.
Subject to the execution of a confidentiality agreement, the DUA will provide the employer employee information for purposes of reviewing and/or appealing the EMAC. An employer may request a hearing to appeal a determination. The request for a hearing must be filed within 10 days of the employer's receipt of notice of the determination, and the Director issue a written decision affirming, modifying, or revoking its initial determination.
Based on our direct experience with clients and the reports of other benefits practitioners, we understand that some employers are asking employees to voluntarily tell their employees whether they qualify for and are receiving health insurance coverage from MassHealth or subsidized insurance from ConnectorCare. We think this is a bad idea.
We note at the outset that, despite the claim made by some, such a request does not raise HIPAA privacy concerns. While the fact that a person's enrollment in a particular health plan is PHI in the hands of the health plan or other covered entity, that same employee is free to tell anyone that he or she is enrolled in MassHealth or subsidized insurance from ConnectorCare, or any other group health plan. Rather, the problem is that if an employee is dismissed after disclosing that he or she might be the cause of an EMAC assessment, the employee may claim they have been unlawfully terminated in violation of public policy.
- Impact on Employers—Redux
We concluded our post of November 20 with the following claim:
If an employee chooses to voluntarily forgo an employer's offer of coverage and instead applies and qualifies for MassHealth (excluding the premium assistance program) or subsidized ConnectorCare, the employer is penalized irrespective of the quality or affordability of the coverage that it offers. There is no exemption similar to that provided under the Affordable Care Act's employer shared responsibility rules under which an applicable large employer can escape excise tax exposure by offering coverage that is affordable and provides minimum value.
Where an employer offers coverage that is both affordable and provides minimum value, that employee would not be eligible for subsidized ConnectorCare coverage. So the above statement is misleading in part. Where an employer offers coverage that is both affordable and provides minimum value, it will not be liable for the EMAC supplement with respect to employees who don't qualify for MassHealth. (Special thanks to Kathryn Wilber, Senior Counsel, Health Policy, at the American Benefits Council for calling this item to our attention.)
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