Intrusive weeds and poisonous nuts are always a worry when purchasing or selling property, especially rural and equestrian property. Whilst intrusive weeds such as Japanese Knotweed can affect the structure and foundations of your property, a poisonous nut such as acorns can affect the health of pets and livestock.
Japanese Knotweed is a fast-growing and strong clump-forming invasive perennial weed. It is a non-native weed and can grow rapidly. The Environment Agency deems Japanese Knotweed as the most common of 4 invasive knotweed plant species in the UK.
Japanese Knotweed can push its way through expansion joints in concrete, cavity walls, weaknesses in the broken mortar between paving slabs or bricks and can also damage drains and sewers.
Since 2013, when selling a property, the seller is required to state whether Japanese Knotweed is present on their property through a TA6 form (Property Information Form). Failure to do so or provide an incorrect response may lead to a claim for 'misrepresentation'.
Whilst it is not illegal to have Japanese Knotweed on your property or land, it is imperative that you control the spread of Japanese Knotweed and do not let this encroach onto neighbouring property.
Controlling Japanese Knotweed can cost thousands of pounds. It is not possible just to 'kill' Japanese Knotweed. It usually takes at least 3 years to treat Japanese Knotweed. Knotweed rhizome can remain dormant in the soil for many years and may regrow if disturbed or if the soil is relocated. Methods of controlling Japanese Knotweed include being injected with chemicals, burning or burying it. However, there are strict rules set by the Environment Agency in this respect.
Ragwort is a tall plant that grows to 90cm high and bears large, flat-topped clusters of yellow daisy-like flowers from July to October. It can spread very easily by the wind transporting its seeds and it is toxic to both horses and livestock.
The toxins can cause liver poisoning in horses and livestock. It is a cumulative poison that eventually leads to the rapid onset of symptoms before death. However, the symptoms are variable and resemble those of a number of other diseases.
If horses ingest ragwort, they could suffer low-level digestion of the weed for months before they start to show signs of distress. Cattle are also prone to the effects of ragwort, but sheep are thought to be less susceptible.
Ragwort poisoning is more common in in the Autumn and there is no known antidote.
Many horse and livestock owners tend to remove ragwort from grazing land by pulling it from the root and burning the plants. Pesticides are also another way of dealing with ragwort. However, horses and livestock must not be grazed on this land for some time once treated with chemicals.
Ragwort is covered by the Weeds Act 1959. There are 5 weeds that are classified under the Weeds Act 1959 as being injurious weeds. These include spear thistle, creeping or field thistle, curled dock, broad-leaved dock and ragwort. Whilst it is not an offence to allow injurious weeds to grow on your land, it is an offence not to control weeds, if asked to do so under the Act.
Acorns fall from acorn trees and are poisonous to most animals, including domestic pets, horses and livestock. Sheep, cattle and horses are particularly susceptible to acorn poisoning.
Many equine and livestock owners will restrict access to acorn trees by fencing these areas off. Consideration should be given to how far the acorns can fall when fencing areas. Where fencing is not an option, equine and livestock owners will daily remove acorns from the grazing land.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.