The Thai Civil and Commercial Code Amendment Act (“Act”)  alters the requirements on corporate governance and the constitution of private companies. The Act is effective from  February 16, 2023. The main changes are as follows:

Minimum number of shareholders

The minimum number of persons to establish a private limited company(“Promoters”) is reduced from three to two.

Telematic Board of Directors Meeting

The Act allows a director to attend meetings of the Board of Directors remotely online, unless prohibited by the company's articles of association.

Number of shareholders required for a General Shareholders Meeting

To reach a quorum for a general shareholder meeting, the Act requires at least two shareholders present, and those representing at least 25% of the total share capital must be present to adopt a resolution.

New Concept of Merger

According to the current Civil and Commercial Code, merger is defined on the basis of the ” amalgamation concept”. This means there is a minimum of two companies merging and creating a new company, whilst all amalgamating companies are dissolved.

The Act introduces the so-called “merger concept”. Where the merging companies remains in existence, while other merging companies will be liquidated and cease to exist.  

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.