How To Register A Patent In Egypt

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To register a patent in Egypt is crucial for inventors and businesses to safeguard their innovations and maintain a competitive edge.
Egypt Intellectual Property
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To register a patent in Egypt is crucial for inventors and businesses to safeguard their innovations and maintain a competitive edge. In Egypt, the legal framework for patent registration and protection is well-defined, providing robust protection for intellectual property. This article offers an in-depth overview of the relevant laws, the process for registering a patent in Egypt, and the necessary steps to ensure your intellectual property is adequately protected.

Relevant Laws

The primary legislation governing patents in Egypt is Law No. 82 of 2002 on the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IP Law). This law aligns with international standards, including the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement). Key provisions include Articles 1-44, which cover the requirements, application procedures, and rights conferred by patents. Article 11 specifies that patents are granted for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step, and are industrially applicable. Article 18 details the rights of patent holders, including the exclusive right to prevent third parties from exploiting the patented invention without consent. Article 25 outlines the duration of patent protection, which is 20 years from the filing date.

Steps to Register a Patent in Egypt

I. Preliminary Search and Preparation:

  • Conduct a Patent Search: Before filing a patent application, conduct a thorough search to ensure that your invention is novel and has not been previously patented.
  • Prepare the Application: Prepare a detailed description of the invention, including claims, drawings (if applicable), and an abstract.

II. Filing the Application:

  • Submit the Application: File the patent application with the Egyptian Patent Office, part of the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT).
  • Required Documents:
    • Patent application form.
    • Description and claims of the invention.
    • Drawings (if any).
    • Abstract of the invention.
    • Power of Attorney, notarized and legalized.
    • Certified copy of the priority document (if applicable).

III. Examination Process:

  • Formal Examination: The Patent Office will conduct a formal examination to ensure all necessary documents are submitted correctly.
  • Substantive Examination: A substantive examination follows, assessing the novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability of the invention.

IV. Publication and Opposition:

  • Publication: If the application passes the substantive examination, it is published in the Patent Gazette.
  • Opposition Period: Third parties have six months from the publication date to file an opposition against the patent application.

V. Grant of Patent:

  • Issuance of Patent: If no opposition is filed or if the opposition is unsuccessful, the patent is granted, and the applicant is issued a patent certificate.
  • Payment of Fees: Annual maintenance fees must be paid to keep the patent in force.

Protection and Enforcement

Patent holders in Egypt have the exclusive right to exploit their inventions and prevent unauthorized use, manufacturing, sale, or importation by third parties. In cases of infringement, patent holders can seek legal remedies through the courts, including injunctions, damages, and the seizure of infringing goods. The legal framework provides a solid foundation for protecting intellectual property rights, ensuring that inventors and businesses can effectively enforce their patents.


Navigating the process to register a patent in Egypt requires a thorough understanding of the legal framework and adherence to procedural requirements.

Andersen Egypt's IP law department is equipped with the expertise to assist clients in securing and enforcing their patent rights.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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