On April 9th, the WWE filed several trademarks for the slogan "Then Now Forever Together," which was used in the signature opening before the WrestleMania event this past weekend. Readers of this blog may be familiar with other brands that use trademarks to protect symbols that set their businesses apart from the crowd.
All this attention begs the questions: (1) How do trademarks work; and (2) why should businesses and individuals with distinctive phrases, slogans and nicknames consider registering their marks?
What is a Trademark?
A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol or design that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods or services of one party from those of others. Trademarks are meant to protect the goodwill of companies and avoid confusing consumers.
Brand owners can possess certain "common law" rights in and to a mark based solely on use of the mark in commerce. However, many brand owners have taken the extra step to obtain federal protection for their marks from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO").
Should I Trademark a Phrase or Slogan?
Filing a trademark application initiates a legal proceeding with the USPTO. Not every mark makes the cut – only 2.5 million or so of the 6.9 million or more applications filed with the USPTO are currently registered. Despite these odds, those that are registered on the USPTO's Principal Register receive a number of significant advantages over common law rights, such as:
(1) Placing the public on notice that the registrant owns the mark;
(2) Creating legal presumptions of validity, ownership and exclusive rights to use the mark for the goods and/or services listed in the registration;
(3) Establishing a date of constructive use of the trademark for evidentiary purposes;
(4) Permitting the registered mark to become incontestable over time; and
(5) Enabling the owner to stop the importation of counterfeit products.
Trademark Registration – Avoid Costly Mistakes
If successful, the WWE's respective trademark applications could join the ranks of BEAST MODE, LINSANITY and many other registered trademarks for sports-related slogans and phrases. However, as evidenced by the partial rejection of Cleveland Browns quarterback Johnny Manziel's JOHNNY FOOTBALL trademark application in January of 2015, even the most popular phrases and slogans are susceptible to costly setbacks at the USPTO, including likelihood of confusion with a third party's mark, inappropriately identified International Classes of goods and/or services and a failure to properly demonstrate use of the mark in commerce.
This post was originally published on March 17, 2015, and updated in April 2021.
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