According to the UN International Trade Statistics Database, importation of products by Nigerians increased from N132.6 million to N159 million between May to June,2020. This indicates that in spite of the decrease in economic activities brought on by the Coronavirus pandemic, importation still remains pivotal in Nigeria. One significant group of products that have gained traction, especially in the wake of the pandemic are pharmaceutical products ("Pharma Products"). In our article today, we highlight the stages required to import Pharma Products into Nigeria.


Investors seeking to import Pharma Products must either register with the Corporate Affairs Commission as a pharmaceutical company or appoint a duly registered pharmaceutical company in Nigeria using a power of attorney, authorising it to act on their behalf. Registration as a pharmaceutical company must comply with the requirements of the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria ("PCN").


A suitable warehouse or building has to be secured for the storage of the Pharma Products being imported. Such premises must be registered for inspection in accordance with the provisions of the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control ("NAFDAC") Act and the Inspection, Location and Structure of Pharmaceutical Premises Regulation.


Before any pharmaceutical product can be imported into Nigeria, it must have been registered by NAFDAC. This process comprises of two stages:

  1. an application to bring in samples;
  2. an application for full registration

Once duly registered, the application shall be valid for 5 (five) years. This stage is highly critical as importation of unregistered Pharma Products is a violation of the provisions of the Act guiding NAFDAC.


Once the Pharma Products have arrived at the ports and are ready to be cleared, an application has to be made to the Port Inspectorate Directorate (PID) of NAFDAC and should be accompanied by shipping documentation, required permits and licenses from PCN and other agency permits. Once the payment of inspection and analysis fees is made, it is to be followed by physical inspection at the port and upon successful vetting, the Pharma Products are released to the warehouse.


Finally, it is pertinent for intending importers to know that before the cleared Pharma Products can be advertised, traditionally and via social media, necessary approvals must be gotten from NAFDAC and the Advertising Practitioners Council of Nigeria, via its Advertising Standards Panel Committee. Importers intending to market their Pharma Products should note this stage as NAFDAC may withdraw its certificate of registration from defaulters.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.