1. Introduction

Trade unions in India have come a long way since the first organized trade union - the Madras Labour Union, one of the earliest unions, was formed in 1918. India now has more than 84,642 registered trade unions along with an unaccounted number of unregistered trade unions scattered across a large spectrum of industries in India.

The potential for growth in trade union represented workers is huge given the fact that India is likely to have a working population of more than 64% by the year 2021.

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