Institutional Shareholder Services ("ISS"), the leading proxy voting advisory firm, has released its 2022 proxy voting guidelines updates for the U.S. and other jurisdictions (effective for meetings on or after February 1, 2022) following its annual global benchmark policy survey and comment period that ran from July 28, 2021 to August 27, 2021. The updates are also based on a separate climate survey that ISS launched for the first time, soliciting feedback relevant to its benchmark and specialty climate policies. ISS addressed various topics in its updated guidelines, which include additions and revisions that place a heavy emphasis on climate change and social responsibility issues and are the focus of this client alert.
U.S. Guideline Relating to Racial Equity and/or Civil Rights Audit Shareholder Proposals (See New Guideline in Annex A)
As we predicted in a recent article discussing the recent rise and growing relevance of racial equity audits at public companies, ISS adopted a new voting guideline regarding shareholder proposals that call for a company to conduct a racial equity and/or civil rights audit. Under this guideline, ISS will make recommendations on a case-by-case basis on these proposals, taking into account various factors, including, but not limited to: (i) the company's existing process for addressing racial inequity and discrimination, (ii) whether the company has recently issued a public statement related to its racial justice efforts or has committed to an internal policy review, (iii) the company's track record relating to racial justice initiatives and public outreach, and (iv) whether the company has recently been the subject of controversies, lawsuits or regulatory actions concerning racial inequity or discrimination. ISS codified its approach to racial equity and civil rights audit proposals based on the expectation that such proposals will be "on [the] ballot again in the coming years due to growing pressure for progress on DEI efforts."
U.S. Guideline Relating to Say on Climate (SoC) Management Proposals (See New Guideline in Annex B)
ISS adopted a new voting policy regarding management proposals that ask shareholders to approve a company's climate transition action plan, including ambitions relating to climate transition or commitments to disclosure on the implementation of a climate plan. Under this guideline, ISS will make recommendations on a case-by-case basis on these proposals, taking into account the "completeness and rigor of the plan," based on a non-exhaustive list of criteria set forth in the guideline, including, but not limited to: (i) the degree to which the company's climate disclosures are in line with Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures ("TCFD") recommendations and meet other market standards, (ii) disclosure of the company's operational and supply chain greenhouse gas ("GHG") emissions, (iii) the "completeness and rigor" of the company's targets for reducing operational and supply chain GHG emissions in line with the Paris Agreement, and (iv) whether the company has committed to be "net zero" for operational and supply chain emissions by 2050. This guideline codifies ISS' framework developed over the last year for analyzing climate transition plans put forth by companies for shareholder approval after incorporating feedback received during its policy development process, including the climate survey.
U.S. Guideline Relating to Say on Climate (SoC) Shareholder Proposals (See New Guideline in Annex C)
ISS adopted a new voting policy regarding "say-on-climate" shareholder proposals that ask a company to disclose a report providing its GHG emissions levels and reduction targets and/or its upcoming/approved climate transition action plan and give shareholders the opportunity to express their approval or disapproval of the action plan. Under this guideline, ISS will make recommendations on a case-by-case basis on these proposals, taking into account a list of criteria set forth in the guideline, including, but not limited to: (i) the rigor of the company's climate disclosure, (ii) the company's actual GHG emissions performance, and (iii) whether the company has been the subject of violations, fines or litigation related to its emissions, in order to allow for "consistency of assessment across markets."
U.S. Guideline Relating to Racial/Ethnic Diversity on Boards in Uncontested Elections (See Redlined Guideline in Annex D)
ISS' existing guideline in this area provides that for Russell 3000 and S&P 1500 companies, ISS will "highlight" boards with "no apparent racial and/or ethnic diversity." However, the policy also provides that after a one-year grace period, ISS will generally recommend voting against or withhold from the chair of the nominating committee (or other directors on a case-by-case basis) for Russell 3000 and S&P 1500 companies where the board has "no apparent racially or ethnically diverse members." ISS will make an exception to this policy if, at the prior annual meeting, racial or ethnic diversity was present on the board and the board makes a firm commitment to appoint at least one racially and/or ethnically diverse director within one year.
Now that the one-year grace period has lapsed, ISS will not solely highlight boards lacking racial/ethnic diversity but will begin to issue voting recommendations on the basis of a lack of such racial/ethnic diversity effective for meetings held on or after February 1, 2022.
U.S. Guideline Relating to Gender Diversity on Boards in Uncontested Elections (See Redlined Guideline in Annex E)
ISS' existing guideline in this area provides that ISS will generally recommend voting against or withhold from the chair of the nominating committee (or other directors on a case-by-case basis) at Russell 3000 and S&P 1500 companies where there are no women on the board, except when there was a woman on the board at the prior annual meeting and the board makes a firm commitment to return to a "gender-diverse status" within one year.
ISS has updated this guideline to extend this policy to all companies (not just Russell 3000 and S&P 1500 companies) effective for meetings held on or after February 1, 2023. This change was made in response to feedback from investors expressing "interest in seeing increased levels of gender diversity on corporate boards, citing reasons of equality, improved company performance and good corporate governance."
U.S. Guideline Relating to Climate Accountability (See New Guideline in Annex F)
ISS adopted a new board accountability policy focusing on companies that are "significant GHG emitters" (i.e., companies on the Climate Action 100+ Focus Group list – currently 167 companies). Under this new guideline, ISS will generally recommend voting against or withhold from the chair of the responsible committee (or other directors on a case-by-case basis) where ISS believes that a company is not taking the "minimum steps needed to understand, assess, and mitigate risks related to climate change to the company and the larger economy." ISS lists two minimum steps required to be taken by companies in order for them to be in compliance with this policy: (i) making detailed disclosure of climate-related risks (that could be based on the framework adopted by the TCFD), and (ii) establishing appropriate GHG emissions reduction targets. ISS adopted this new policy citing climate change and climate-related risks as being "among the most critical topics for many investors" who are now looking to "better integrate climate risk considerations in their investment, engagement, and voting processes."
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2022 ISS Policies:
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