Competition authorities at both European and national levels are turning their attention to markets affecting the retail sector. The shift in focus is illustrated by the recent inquiries by the European Commission into e-commerce and by the UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) into the modelling agencies sector, in an effort to discover instances of outright price-fixing, resale price maintenance and restrictions on sales. Typically, sector inquiries are followed by individual investigations, so it is essential that retailers keep an eye on these investigations as they arise.

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