The latest edition of Offshore-i, an Appleby report that provides data and insight on merger and acquisition activity in the major offshore financial centres, focuses on transactions announced over the first half of 2018. Following a similar pattern to most of the world's regions, the volume of offshore deals has fallen back from levels seen in the latter half of 2017, while value is on the rise.
"So far this year, there has been more than USD216bn spent in the offshore region, with the average deal size of USD161M representing almost double that of 2017," said Cameron Adderley, Partner and Global Head of Corporate at Appleby. "There are echoes of 2015, a remarkable year for offshore."
The most frequent types of deals were acquisitions, capital increases and minority stakes in other companies. Typically, these three categories have been fairly balanced but the last 18 months have seen acquisitions move notably ahead to where they now make up 40% of all deals.
"Increasingly, firms are choosing to top up an existing stake and secure control of an investment outright," Adderley said. "This makes sense with the increasing competition for quality targets, a low-risk environment and easy access to finance."
The M&A Environment Across Jurisdictions
In total, there were 1,344 deals recorded in the first half of 2018, representing a 10% decrease when compared to the last six months of 2017. The total deal value of USD216bn, meanwhile, marked a 68% increase over the second half of 2017 and was driven in part by the USD62bn acquisition of Jersey-incorporated Shire PLC by Japan's Takeda Pharmaceutical. Each deal in the offshore region's top 10 was worth more than USD2bn.
Billion-dollar deals have become frequent in the offshore region, with 28 reported in the first half of this year. The surge of big transactions has been bolstered by a desire by boards of major companies to head off disruptive technological threats and accelerate growth, according to the report.
As is typically the case, the Cayman Islands was the busiest jurisdiction for offshore transactions in the first half of 2018, recording 421 deals. It was followed by Hong Kong (334 deals), the British Virgin Islands (236 deals) and Bermuda (146 deals). Jersey was the offshore leader in terms of total value in the first half of 2018 as a result of the Shire PLC acquisition.
Robust IPO Market Continues into 2018
Last year saw new highs for offshore IPOs and that momentum has continued into 2018, with 180 companies announcing their intention to go public in the first half of the year.
"Pent-up investor demand for fast growth investments, including small-cap listings, makes it a good time to go public," Adderley said. "Economic conditions remain encouraging, equity valuations remain high in many parts of the world and interest rates remain low."
The top sub-sector for announced offshore IPOs is information service activities, while another popular field is financial services, the report found. Both are benefiting from the positive effects of dramatic change in their underlying industries. Offshore IPOs typically occur on U.S., London or Hong Kong stock exchanges, with Hong Kong being an especially popular choice for the Cayman Islands, the busiest jurisdiction for IPOs.
Outbound Deal Volume Outpaces Inbound Activity
While the primary focus of Offshore-i is on transactions in which offshore targets are purchased by investors, the report also examines deals in which the acquirer is based offshore. There were 1,640 outbound deals worth a combined USD187bn in the first half of 2018, with offshore companies reaching out across some 75 countries outside the region.
China, the U.S. and the U.K. make up the bulk of the locations targeted while Australia and Singapore have seen a lot of interest as well. Western Europe saw a high concentration of USD billion-dollar deals – Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Switzerland and the UK were all recipients of high value offshore attention.
The top 10 outbound deals were each worth over USD3bn and included the purchase of Patrón Spirits International AG, maker of the popular Patrón tequila, by global spirits giant Bacardi, which is headquartered in Bermuda. Half of the top 10 targets were data processing companies.
Key Findings of H1 2018:
- The total value of M&A deals involving offshore targets was USD216bn, almost as much as all of 2017.
- There were 28 deals worth at least USD1bn, including six worth over USD5bn.
- There were 180 announced IPOs, more than any half-year period on record.
- The average size of an offshore deal was USD161m, higher than any other world region.
- Eighty countries worldwide conducted offshore deals in the first half of the year.
- The finance and insurance sector alone accounted for a third of all offshore activity seen in the first half of 2018.
- Cayman remained home to the largest number of deals, while Jersey was home to the largest deal value due to the USD62bn acquisition of Jersey-incorporated Shire PLC by Japan's Takeda Pharmaceutical.
- Private equity is at a crossroads, with funds sitting on record amounts of cash reserves but facing challenges due to high valuations and rising competition from free-spending corporations with lower performance expectations.
- There were 1,640 outbound deals coming out from the offshore region, worth a combined USD187bn. The top 10 outbound deals were each worth over USD3bn.
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