25 April 2024

From Idea To Patent: A Practical Guide For Start-Ups In India

De Penning & De Penning


Since 1856, De Penning & De Penning has committed ourselves to protecting creative integrity and ingenuity. We believe intellectual property rights are fundamental to propelling innovation forward, providing a framework on which inspiration, modification and healthy competition can grow.
atent protection is a foundation for start-ups facing India's competitive landscape. It shields their innovative ideas, ensuring credibility and fostering investor trust.
India Intellectual Property
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Patent protection is a foundation for start-ups facing India's competitive landscape. It shields their innovative ideas, ensuring credibility and fostering investor trust. Where creativity fuels success, patents offer a shield against idea theft and pave the path for sustainable growth. As start-ups burgeon with groundbreaking solutions, understanding the nuances of patent protection becomes imperative.


A patent is a legal document granted by the government that gives inventors exclusive rights to their inventions for a limited period, i.e., 20 years from the date of patent application. It offers protection against unauthorised use, sale, or replication of the patented invention. For start-ups, patents are valuable assets that help creators stay ahead of the competition and attract potential investors.


  • Utility patents: These patents protect new and useful processes, machines, compositions of matter, or improvements thereof. They encompass a wide range of innovations and offer broad protection to start-ups' core technologies.
  • Design patents: Design patents safeguard the ornamental design or appearance of a functional item. They focus on the aesthetic aspects of an invention, providing exclusive rights to its visual characteristics.
  • Plant patents: Plant patents are granted for new and distinct varieties of plants that have been asexually reproduced. They protect the inventor's rights to reproduce, sell, or distribute the patented plant variety.


Patent protection is crucial for start-ups in India due to its role in safeguarding innovative ideas and technologies. In a fiercely competitive environment, patents offer start-ups a distinct advantage by establishing ownership rights and deterring infringement. Additionally, patents enhance the marketability of start-up products or services, fostering trust among consumers and investors alike.


  • Market exclusivity: Patents grant start-ups exclusive rights to their inventions, allowing them to capitalise on their innovations without competition from others.
  • Investor confidence: Patent protection signals credibility and innovation to potential investors, enhancing the likelihood of securing funding for start-up ventures.
  • Revenue generation: Patents enable start-ups to licence their inventions to other companies, generating revenue streams and expanding market reach.
  • Competitive advantage: Patents provide start-ups with a competitive edge in the market, distinguishing their offerings from competitors and solidifying their position within the industry.


To qualify as a start-up under the Start-up India initiative, entities must meet specific criteria outlined by the government. These criteria include:

  • Incorporation: Start-ups must be incorporated as private limited companies, registered partnership firms, or limited liability partnerships in India.
  • Registration period: Indian start-ups should be incorporated or registered for less than seven years, except for biotechnology start-ups, which can be registered for up to ten years.
  • Turnover limit: The turnover of start-ups in any financial year since incorporation or registration should not exceed INR 250 million (USD 4 million).
  • Formation conditions: Start-ups should not have been formed by splitting or reconstructing a business that was already in existence. They should be engaged in innovation, development, or improvement of products, processes, or services, or have scalable business models with the potential for employment or wealth creation.


Start-ups seeking patent benefits under government schemes must fulfil certain requirements:

  • Enrollment in Start-up India Initiative: Indian entities aspiring to claim start-up patent benefits must enrol in the start-up India Initiative launched by the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). Start-ups can register here.
  • Compliance with start-up criteria: Start-ups must meet the eligibility criteria mentioned above, including incorporation, registration period, turnover limit, and formation conditions.
  • Recognition by competent authority: Foreign start-ups may qualify for patent benefits if they fulfil the criteria for turnover, registration period, and formation conditions specified under the Start-up India Initiative. The competent authority for start-up recognition and registration is the DPIIT under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Here is an informative read on starting a company in India.


Before proceeding with your patent application, it is crucial to conduct a patent search, also known as a novelty search. This search helps determine whether your idea is novel and not already patented. By conducting a thorough patent search, you can avoid potential conflicts and ensure the uniqueness of your invention. It also allows you to assess the patentability of your idea and identify any existing patents or prior art that may affect your application.


Drafting a patent application is a meticulous process that requires clear and precise documentation of your invention. The application should include detailed descriptions, drawings, and claims that clearly define the novelty and utility of your invention. It is essential to work with a qualified patent attorney or agent who can help draft your application in compliance with the legal requirements and guidelines set forth by the patent office.


Once your patent application is drafted, the next step is to file it with the appropriate patent office. In India, patent applications can be filed electronically through the online portal provided by the Indian Patent Office. The application must include the necessary forms, documents, and fees as prescribed by the patent office. It is essential to meet all mandatory formal and technical requirements and ensure that the application is filed accurately to avoid any delays or rejection.


Start-ups have the option to expedite the examination process for their patent applications through accelerated examination procedures. This allows start-ups to obtain patents faster, reducing the usual processing time significantly. By opting for accelerated examination, start-ups can expedite the review of their patent applications and receive a decision from the patent office within a shorter timeframe (i.e., they can obtain a grant of India patent within one year from the date of filing accelerated examination request). This accelerated process enables start-ups to protect their inventions promptly and gain a competitive edge in the market.



The Make in India initiative, launched by the Government of India, aims to promote manufacturing and innovation within the country. As part of this initiative, several incentives and concessions have been introduced to encourage start-ups to obtain patent protection for their innovative ideas. The Make in India scheme has significantly reduced the cost barriers associated with patent filing and processing, making it more accessible for start-ups to protect their intellectual property. By leveraging the benefits of the Make in India scheme, start-ups can strengthen their position in the market and attract investments to fuel their growth and expansion.


The Scheme for Facilitating Start-ups Intellectual Property Protection (SIPP) is a government initiative aimed at supporting start-ups in securing intellectual property rights for their innovations. Under the SIPP scheme, start-ups receive assistance in filing and processing patent, design, or trademark applications through the guidance of IP facilitators. The scheme offers financial support to start-ups by covering the facilitation fees incurred during the patent application process. By participating in the SIPP scheme, start-ups can streamline the patenting process, reduce costs, and protect their innovative ideas effectively. The SIPP scheme plays a crucial role in fostering innovation and creativity among start-ups and contributes to the overall growth of the start-up ecosystem in India.


Start-ups in India benefit from significant fee rebates and reductions for patent filing and processing. These incentives aim to encourage innovation and assist start-ups in the patenting process. By availing themselves of fee rebates and reductions, start-ups can minimise the financial burden associated with obtaining patent protection, making it more accessible and feasible for them to safeguard their intellectual property.

Budgeting helps start-ups effectively manage the costs associated with patent protection. Start-ups should carefully assess their financial resources and allocate funds accordingly to cover expenses related to patent filing, processing, and maintenance. Developing a comprehensive budgeting strategy enables start-ups to prioritise patent protection while staying within their financial constraints. By adopting prudent financial planning practices, start-ups can maximise the benefits of patent protection without overspending.

By proactively engaging with the patenting process and capitalising on available resources, start-ups can position themselves for success in their innovation journey.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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