The Argentine Constitution contemplates many principles against gender discrimination, and the country has signed several treaties related women rights like The Nairobi Strategies for Empowering Women of 1985, or the Beijing Declaration adopted by the UN at the Fourth World Conference on Women on September 1995. In addition, Argentina has adopted a complex array of different laws, regulations and programs, including the creation of an Agency INADI (National Institute against Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism).
Law 24,012 of 1991 establishes a quota to the political parties: 30% of elected officials shall be women.. As a result of this Law presently 42% of the Senators and 34% of the Representatives are women. In turn, Law 25,674 establishes 30% women quotas for union delegates. The situation, though, is not so promising in the private sector, where only 11% of executive positions are held by women.
It should be noted that Argentina has been a country with remarkable women personalities and power independently of whether someone agree or not with their roles or ideologies (Eva Perón and Cristina Kirchner in politics; Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat and Ernestina Herrera de Noble in business).
Women in Argentina have attained a relatively high level of equality by Latin American standards, and in the Global Gender Gap Report prepared by the World Economic Forum in 2009, Argentine women ranked 24th among 134 countries studied in terms of their access to resources and opportunities relative to men.
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