Answer ... As per art.1/4 of TCIA, “the Code shall not be applicable to the disputes relating to in rem rights of immoveable properties located in Turkey or the disputes that are not subject to the disposal of the parties” Therefore, the disputes which are not concerning the in rem rights of immovables or the disputes subject to the parties’ disposal are arbitrable.
Since the commercial law issues are subject to the parties’ disposal, it is possible to agree on arbitration for potential disputes. However, disputes arising from family law, criminal law, administrative law and bankruptcy cannot be settled by arbitration. The Turkish Supreme Code also limits the scope of the arbitration for employment and consumer claims.
Answer ... Seat of arbitration may be chosen freely by the parties.