The Coronavirus Act 2020 ("the Act") came into force on 25 March 2020. For landlords and tenants in England and Wales, the Act immediately prevented a landlord from terminating certain business tenancies by forfeiture for non-payment of rent until 30 June 2020. This date was then extended to 30 September 2020.
The Government has now announced that the moratorium on the forfeiture of business tenancies will be further extended until 31 December 2020. Powers remain available in the Act for further extensions of this date.
The new extension is contained within The Business Tenancies (Protection from Forfeiture: Relevant Period) (Coronavirus) (England) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 ("the Regulations") which will come into force on 29 September 2020.
The restrictions apply to forfeiture by the landlord instructing a bailiff to change the locks as well as to forfeiture proceedings in the Court.
What tenancies do the restrictions apply to?
The Act states that the restrictions benefit any business tenancy to which Part 2 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 ("the 1954 Act") applies. The Explanatory Notes accompanying the Act confirm that the Government intended it to also apply to leases where the protection of the 1954 Act is excluded. The provisions also seek to cover lawful subtenants.
Does it apply to rent or other payments under the lease including service charge and insurance?
Yes, the definition of rent extends to any sum payable under the business tenancy including insurance, service charges and interest.
If the landlord enters into discussions with a commercial tenant in relation to the sums owed, could it lose the right to forfeit for non-payment of these sums?
No - The Act states that the landlord's conduct during the relevant period (25 March 2020 to 31 December 2020) will not be treated as waiving the right to forfeit for non-payment of rent unless the landlord gives an express wavier of the right to forfeit in writing. In effect, the landlord's right to forfeit for unpaid rent is "frozen" until 1 January 2021. The Act states that the right to forfeit will be preserved for non-payment of rent.
On 19 June 2020, the Government published a voluntary code of practice for commercial property arrears during COVID-19 with the aim of facilitating discussions between landlords and tenants by "communicating best practice and presenting a unified approach". For more on the code, please see our insight: Government code published for commercial property arrears during COVID-19. If the parties agree a rent concession, whether there will be changes to the landlord's right to forfeit for non-payment of rent will depend on the precise terms of the rent concession agreement.
What about existing forfeiture proceedings?
Under the Civil Procedure Rules a stay on possession proceedings and enforcement of orders for possession was effected until 20 September 2020 but has now been lifted. Nonetheless, the restrictions of the Coronavirus Act 2020 mean that landlords are still not entitled to issue any forfeiture proceedings for arrears which fell due since 25 March. Moreover, under the Act and the Regulations, Courts will not be able to make a possession order which requires a tenant to give possession of business premises for non-payment of rent to the landlord before 1 January 2021.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.