The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) on 18 September 2023 notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2023 (CIRP Amendment Regulations) amending the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2016 (CIRP Regulations).
The key changes brought about by the CIRP Amendment Regulations are as follows:
- Regulation 2D inserted: The
operational or financial creditor to submit the chronology of debt
and default by the corporate debtor while filing a Section 7 or
Section 9 application under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code,
2016 (Code) respectively. The chronology of debt shall include the
due date for debt repayment, date of default, dates of part
repayment, date of last acknowledgement of debt and limitations, if
- Regulation 3A inserted:
- The interim resolution professional/resolution professional
(IRP/RP) to take custody and control of the following from the
promoters or management of the corporate debtor:
- records of information with respect to the assets, finances
and operations of the corporate debtor;
- assets recorded in the balance sheets or any other
- records of information with respect to the assets, finances and operations of the corporate debtor;
- The promoters or management of the corporate debtor to provide
the list of assets and records to the IRP/RP who, if deemed
necessary, shall identify the person(s) who shall hold such assets
and records in their possession.
- The IRP/RP shall prepare a list of assets and records while
taking custody and control of the corporate debtor in the event the
same is not handed over by the promoters/management as per the
above. The IRP/RP shall then, if deemed necessary, identify the
person(s) who shall hold such assets and records in their
- The list as stated in (ii) and (iii) above is to be signed by
the parties along with two witnesses present for the act of taking
control and custody of assets and records by the IRP/RP.
- The IRP/RP shall requisition the information of assets,
finances and operations of the corporate debtor as required under
Section 18(a) of the Code and Regulation 36, which have not been
handed over by the promoters or management.
- The IRP/RP to requisition from the promoters or management the
assets recorded in balance sheet of the corporate debtor, or in the
records maintained with any information utility or the depository
of securities or any other registry under Section 18(f) of the Code
whose custody has not been handed over.
- Any application made to the Adjudicating Authority (AA) by the
IRP/RP under Section 19(2) of the Code shall include the notice of
requisition to the promoters/management along with the mention of
absence of such assets and records requisitioned as per the list
provided/prepared as above.
- The interim resolution professional/resolution professional (IRP/RP) to take custody and control of the following from the promoters or management of the corporate debtor:
- Regulation 12 substituted:
Any creditor who fails to submit their claim on or before the last
date mentioned in the public announcement may submit their claim
along with proof thereof up to the date of issue of request of
resolution plan or ninety days from the insolvency commencement
date, whichever is later. If the claim is submitted beyond ninety
days from the insolvency commencement date, the creditor shall
provide reasons for delay in submission.
- Regulation 13 amended:
- Sub-regulation 1(A) inserted: The IRP/RP to provide reasons for
non-collation of claims post verification.
- Sub-regulation 1(B) inserted: If the IRP/RP receives claims
beyond the period as stated in Regulation 12 above and up to seven
days before the date of meeting of committee of creditors (CoC) for
voting on resolution plan or initiation of liquidation, he/she
shall verify and categorize such claims as acceptable or
non-acceptable for collation.
- The IRP/RP shall intimate the creditors within seven days of
the above categorization and provide reason for non-accepted
claims. Further, the IRP/RP to put up the delayed accepted claims
before (a) the CoC for its recommendation in the list of creditor
and treatment in resolution plan, if any; and (b) the Adjudication
Authority for condonation of delay and adjudication, as
- Sub-regulation 1(A) inserted: The IRP/RP to provide reasons for non-collation of claims post verification.
- Regulation 16A amended:
- Sub-regulation 3(A) inserted: A minimum of ten percent of the
financial creditors in a class may seek replacement of the
authorized representative with a representative of their choice, by
making a request to the IRP/RP who shall circulate such request to
the other creditors in the said class and announce a voting window,
which shall be open for a minimum of twenty four hours.
- The IRP/RP shall offer at least three choices of insolvency
professional including the professional proposed by the class of
financial creditors above along with the existing authorized
representative of the creditors.
- The IRP/RP to apply to the AA for appointment of the authorized
representative receiving the highest percentage of voting
- The authorised representative shall be entitled to receive a
fee for every meeting of the CoC attended in the following
Number of creditors in a class Fee per meeting of CoC (INR) 10-100 30,000 101-1000 40,000 More than 1000 50,000
- The authorized representative shall be entitled to receive fee
for every meeting of the class of creditors convened in the
Number of creditors in a class Fee per meeting of creditors with authorised representative (INR) 10-100 10,000 101-1000 12,000 More than 1000 15,000
- The fees paid to the authorised representative shall be part of
the corporate insolvency resolution process cost (CIRP Cost) in
respect of two meetings of the CoC.
- Fee for any additional meetings of the CoC shall be part of the
CIRP cost subject to the approval of the CoC.
- Sub-regulation 10 inserted: The authorised representative shall
be responsible for: (a) assisting the class of creditors with
understanding the discussion of CoC and in facilitating informed
decision making; (b) reviewing and commenting on the minutes of the
CoC; (c) helping in preparing a strategy for marketing the
assets of corporate debtor; (d) working for enhancement of
marketability of assets of corporate debtor; (e) assisting the
class of creditors in evaluation of resolution plans; (f) ensuring
that the class of creditors have access to information or
documents; (g) updating the creditors on the progress of CIRP; (h)
making suggestions or modifications to the resolution plan as
required by the class of creditors; (i) recording proceedings and
preparing minutes of meeting of the class of creditors; and (j)
acting as representative of the class of creditors before the
- Sub-regulation 3(A) inserted: A minimum of ten percent of the financial creditors in a class may seek replacement of the authorized representative with a representative of their choice, by making a request to the IRP/RP who shall circulate such request to the other creditors in the said class and announce a voting window, which shall be open for a minimum of twenty four hours.
- Regulation 28(1) substituted: In
the event of debt assignment during the CIRP period, both the
assignor and assignee creditor shall within seven days of
assignment/transfer provide the IRP/RP the terms of the assignment
and the identity of the assignee/transferee.
- Regulation 30B inserted: Any member of the CoC
may propose audit of the corporate debtor along with the objective,
scope, cost estimate, timeframe and proposed auditor. Such audit
may be conducted if approved by the CoC. The findings of the
auditor shall be presented before the CoC and the cost of such
audit shall become part of the CIRP cost.
- Regulation 36B(1) substituted: The
information memorandum (IM), evaluation matrix (EM) and request for
resolution plan (RFRP) shall be issued within five days from date
of issue of final list of resolution applicants. In the event such
documents are available, the same may be provided to the
prospective resolution applicants of the provisional list.
- Form G amended to include the date of issue of final list of
prospective resolution applicants and date of issue of IM, EM and
- Form H amended to attach those minutes of meetings of the CoC
which record discussions in regard to the resolution plans
The CIRP Amendments have been brought with the intent to streamline the insolvency process and plug in the existing gaps as highlighted by the stakeholders. The submission of chronology of debt and default along with a Section 7 or 9 application under the Code shall aid the AA in swiftly deciding the CIRP initiation applications. Further, the requisitions to be made by the IRP/RP to the promoters/management in regard to the assets of the corporate debtor shall streamline the process of information gathering. Such notices shall also act as evidence for Section 19 applications when filed before the AA.
The amendment with respect to submission of reasons for delay in claim submission, its noting and condonation of delay by the CoC and the NCLT respectively shall reduce emergence of delayed claims post approval of resolution plans and deter multiple litigations. Inclusion of statutory responsibilities for the authorized representatives of the class of creditors shall prove to be beneficial especially in real estate insolvencies which involve hundreds of homebuyers and will bridge information asymmetry. Further, inclusion of minutes of the CoC in Form H will aid the AA in determining the rationale towards approval of a resolution plan.
Effectively the CIRP Amendments are a step in the right direction including the audit related provisions which shall provide necessary flexibility to the CoC to get audits conducted for specific scenarios in a CIRP.
The content of this document do not necessarily reflect the views/position of Khaitan & Co but remain solely those of the author(s). For any further queries or follow up please contact Khaitan & Co at email@example.com