Law No 20.590 (the "Law"), that authorizes the issuance and operation of pre-funded payment methods or any other similar system (the "Prepaid Cards"), by non-banking entities, when these systems involve that the issuer or the operator regularly engages in monetary obligations with the general public or to specific sectors or groups thereof, was published and came in force on October 29, 2016.
Its main provisions are the following:
Requirements to incorporate Issuers or Operators
The non-banking Prepaid Card issuers or operators (the "Issuers" and the "Operators", respectively) must be incorporated as special purpose corporations according to Law No 18.046, and their exclusive corporate purpose must be the issuance or operation of Prepaid Cards. The Operators may also be incorporated as bank supporting companies, according to the General Banking Act.
The Law also modifies Law No 18.772, empowering the Republic to issue and to operate pre-funded payment methods, establishing a special regulation applicable to Metro S.A. (the Santiago underground train).
Common rules to Issuers and Operators
- Both are subject to the supervision of the Superintendence of Banks and Financial Institutions ("SBIF") and both are required to report to the Financial Analysis Unit (the Chilean AML entity), when corresponds.
- The Chilean Central Bank will dictate rules to set their minimum operational requirements: paid up capital and minimum reserves, liquidity, risk management and control, among others.
- The Issuers can operate their own Prepaid Cards.
- The requirement to have an exclusive corporate purpose shall not prevent the entity from issuing or operating different types of payment methods.
(i) Receipt of money from the public
The Issuers are empowered to receive money from the public, which can only be used to:
- Make payments for the use of the Prepaid Cards;
- Charge the correspondent commissions;
- Reimburse the funding received from the cardholder.
(ii) Applicable regime to the deposited money
The cardholders' money shall be accounted for and kept segregated from any other operations performed by the Issuer. It will not accrue interests or indexations in favor of the cardholder.
These funds shall not be confiscated nor can be subjected to injunction or any other ownership limitations arising from obligations assumed by the Issuer different from those described in (i) above.
The funds must be kept in the Issuer's account or be invested in financial instruments authorized by the Chilean Central Bank.
The cardholder may redeem the funds at any time.
(iii) Prepaid Cards Issuance
The Issuers may issue Prepaid Cards either in a nominative form or to the bearer, according to the following:
a) Nominative Prepaid Cards: They can be issued without a determined term of validity. The funds that the cardholder delivers to the Issuer are subject to expiration, under Article 156 of the General Banking Act, which broadly states that such sums must be transferred to the national treasury after 5 years of inactivity.
b) Prepaid Cards to the bearer: They must always be issued with a term of validity. When this term expires, the cardholder has a 6 month term to redeem the funds, and if this does not occur, the Issuer must transfer the funds to the Regional or Provincial Treasury of its main primary domicile.
(iv) Use of Prepaid Cards
The Law does not regulate the businesses in which the Prepaid Cards can be used, or its national or international character, so we expect that the Chilean Central Bank and the SBIF will clarify this matter at a later date.
Despite these changes to the law, passengers' access to the public transportation system shall continue to be regulated by the Chilean Transport and Telecommunications Ministry.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.