Answer ... In order for a judgment to be recognised and enforced in Portugal, the following criteria must be met:
- There is no doubt as to the authenticity of the document containing the judgment or the reasoning of the decision;
- The judgment is considered res judicata under the law of the country in which it was rendered;
- The jurisdiction of the foreign court was not determined by fraud and the case does not fall within the exclusive competence of the Portuguese courts;
- The exception of lis pendens or res judicata cannot be invoked regarding a case between the same parties before a Portuguese court, unless it was the foreign court that prevented jurisdiction;
- The defendant was properly summoned to the proceedings in accordance with the law of the country of the court of origin, and the principles of fair hearing and equality of the parties were observed;
- Recognition of the judgment would not be manifestly incompatible with the principles of international public order of the Portuguese state.
Answer ... Yes. Certification is required to confirm that the judgment is considered res judicata under the law of the country in which it was rendered.
Answer ... No. Certification is required to confirm that the judgment is considered res judicata under the law of the country in which it was rendered.
Answer ... There is no limitation period. As long as the original decision remains valid, it may be subject to recognition before the Portuguese courts. However, a general 20-year statute of limitations applies for most claims. Shorter terms are established in specific cases and may constitute valid grounds to challenge recognition.