Answer ... In recent years Lebanon has faced economic challenges which have had a direct impact on employers and the labour force. The unemployment rate has reportedly increased, with employers terminating employment contracts due to economic or technical circumstances, as detailed in question 5.1.
Lebanon has also witnessed an increase in the number of foreign illegal workers in recent years, which may be due to the tensions in the region, including the Syrian war and the influx of refugees.
As a result, the Ministry of Labour is primarily focusing its efforts on fighting illegal employment and businesses. The ministry has been carrying out inspections and has put in place certain policies that require employers to obtain permits for any undocumented workers, under pain of fines. The Ministry of Labour is also endeavouring to identify and close down businesses that are illegally operated by foreigners without a permit and without due observance of, and compliance with, Lebanese laws and regulations.
In 2018, the Ministry of Labour also issued a decision based on the Foreigners’ Employment Law regarding jobs that must be reserved exclusively for Lebanese employers and employees (with some exceptions permitted under certain conditions), including in the banking, insurance, education and artisan sectors, in addition to the liberal professions.