What does the future hold for UK taxpayers?
The uncertainty as to who will govern the country is over, with the announcement of a Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition. But what does this mean for taxpayers? Which of their tax policies will the Conservatives and the Lib-Dems sacrifice in the interests of a stable coalition and what action should taxpayers take now to avoid the worst of the inevitable tax rises?
Capital gains tax Rates
In their manifesto, the Lib-Dems said they would raise CGT to marginal rates, so for someone now paying 50% income tax assumedly their CGT rate would also be 50%. CGT rates are currently 18%. It appears that the compromise that has been reached is for an increase in the rate of tax on non-business assets, presumably those not qualifying for the 10% Entrepreneurs Relief. Whether the 18% rate will be preserved for business gains above the £2,000,000 threshold for that Relief also remains to be seen. With reports in the press of increases in the rate of CGT to 40% or 50%, it is worth remembering that under the last John Major's Government the rate of CGT was aligned with the top rate of income tax at 40% with only a limited 'Retirement Relief' available for business assets - could we see those days again?
The Conservatives had intended holding a Budget on 24 June. This
may be the date when any tax increases will be announced, but it
may not necessarily be the date from which they will take
Historically, personal tax rises have only taken effect from the start of the tax year (6 April), so any rise would be expected to take effect from 6 April 2011. However, could this year be the exception that proves the rule? It is well worth considering some rebasing strategies to trigger inbuilt gains before the Budget and/or the end of the tax year.
Key strategies to consider include:
Following the market adage of "sell in May and go away", realising in built gains in investment portfolios now will ensure that they are taxed at current rates. Assets could then be re-purchased (after 30 days) if desired.
- Uncompleted contracts
Entering into an unconditional contract for the sale of an asset provides a hedge against an increase in capital gains tax rates, with the date of exchange being treated as the date of disposal in the event of an increase in rates and the contract left uncompleted if rates stay the same.
- Forward sale strategies
There are a number of effective structures using forward and option contracts, selling assets to a counterparty, thereby triggering a rebasing event. This can also allow the assets to be repurchased if wished in due course.
- Transfer to a CGT wrapper
Another alternative is to transfer assets to an Open Ended Investment Company or Authorised Unit Trust, so triggering a gain and achieving deferral on any future gains.
- Using Trusts
In some cases, transferring assets to trust can effectively rebase and offer deferral over the longer term. Conversely now may be an appropriate moment to distribute assets from trusts (particularly offshore trusts that are subject to a penalty charge that will exacerbate any increase in rates).
The key in all cases is to ensure the strategy is best matched to the assets in question, be they investments, private or listed equity or art and more esoteric holdings.
No more non-doms? No announcements have yet been made on the
future of the non-domicile remittance basis regime. In their
manifesto the Lib-Dems proposed the abolition of the remittance
basis regime for those residents in the UK for more than seven
years. The Conservatives had only proposed a new flat rate levy on
non-doms to pay for the increase in IHT thresholds. With the
Conservatives seemingly abandoning their plans for the increase in
the IHT threshold in the short term, there remains considerable
uncertainty for non-doms as to what steps the new Government will
take. Assuming that the remittance basis is retained then an
increase in the charge paid by long-term residents may be likely as
the Government looks to spread the pain of tax rises across all
sections of society.
The only thing that can be said with any certainty is that there will be no more non-doms in the Houses of Parliament, a measure both parties support.
Property taxation The Lib-Dems have dropped their proposal for a 'mansion tax' on properties worth over £2 million, the closest that any party has come to proposing a wealth tax in Britain.
Inheritance tax The Conservative proposal to increase the nil rate band to £1 million (£2 million for married couples) has been shelved. For the time being the threshold seems likely to be frozen which will only serve to increase the importance of effective lifetime planning and tax efficient wills.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.