The recent decision in Gladney v Raymond (Unreported, High Court, Humphreys J., 29 May 2017) [2017] IEHC 347 provides welcome clarification and assistance to summons servers as to what a court will consider to be sufficient and reasonable enquires when seeking to serve proceedings on a defendant.

In Gladney following unsuccessful attempts to effect personal service of a summons and open enquires as to a defendants whereabouts an application for substituted service was made. The court examined how detailed those enquiries must be and how specific must a plaintiff's affidavit evidence be in relation to the precise details of the local enquiries made?


The plaintiff in this case was the collector general for the Revenue Commissioners who was claiming €184,545.68 from the defendants. A summary summons was issued in December 2016 and attempts at personal service were made on three occasions between March and April 2017. In attempting to effect personal service no one answered the door when the summons server attended at the defendant's premises. The plaintiff's summons server made local enquires by asking the neighbours to see if the defendant resided at the premises in question. Unable to effect personal service, the plaintiff then made an ex parte application for the summons to be delivered by post.

In clarifying the extent of enquires which a summons server must make and addressing the question as to whether or not the summons server must obtain specific names of the neighbours who were approached in trying to locate a particular defendant the court noted three arguments as to why it would not be appropriate to obtain that information:

  1. The grounds needed for a belief that the defendant is residing at a particular place are satisfied by a general local enquiry.
  2. The need for specific names at the ex parte stage is unnecessary and in the court's view there is minimal gain in obtaining this additional granular detail.
  3. It would not be appropriate to expose neighbours to possible blowback from angry defendants if their names were disclosed.


In conclusion and offering clarification the court held that it is appropriate for summons servers to carry out general local enquiries only and that there is no need for specific names to be sought from any neighbours who were spoken to in assisting in the service of the summons.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.