The 2015 Situation Report on Counterfeiting in the European
Union ("Report") gives insight into the
status and current trends of counterfeit activities in the region,
including consideration and analysis of Turkey's role. The
Report is based on surveys of the public as well as private sector.
It was jointly prepared by the European Police Office and the
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market, with the project
conducted through the European Observatory on Infringements of
Intellectual Property Rights.
Noteworthy points in the 2015 Report include:
Counterfeiting causes damage to
consumers and enterprises, as well as directly finances organized
The primary source-countries for
counterfeiting are: China, India, Egypt, Ghana, Korea, Morocco,
Greece, Malaysia and Turkey.
China is the primary source of
counterfeiting, providing more than two thirds of counterfeit
Noteworthy countries with respect to
particular types of counterfeit goods include:
India with regard to medicines.
Egypt with regard to foodstuffs.
Turkey with regard to perfumes and
Turkey produces 52% of overall
seizures for perfumes and cosmetics.
The Directorate-General for Taxation
and Customs Union reported that customs authorities seized perfumes
and cosmetics originating from Turkey, worth a total of EUR 26.1
million in 2013.
Turkey is a country with a
substantial impact on counterfeit foodstuff distribution within the
Organized crime groups in Belgium,
the Netherlands and Germany have strong links to Turkey in terms of
language and culture.
Movement of counterfeit goods into
the European Union is facilitated by organized crime groups,
through ports at Istanbul or Constanta.
Istanbul is commonly used as an entry
point for the overland route to Bulgaria and Romania, which is a
preferred route for movement of counterfeit goods.
Particular areas which should be
Counterfeiters abusing free trade
zones for assembling, packaging and labeling counterfeited
Limited resources of small and medium
Lack of investigation
Weak cooperation with payment
processors and advertising companies in the e-commerce sector.
Low consumer awareness and
Lack of awareness and training for
investigators, prosecutors and judges.
On 8 September 2016 (C-160/15), the CJEU ruled that the posting of a hyperlink to copyright-protected works located on another website does not constitute copyright infringement when the link poster does not seek financial gain.
The chapter on the UK summarises the IP court and litigation system in the UK, recent developments in relation to IP law and practice, the forms and availability of IP protection and trends and outlook in the IP sphere.
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