Renewable energy sector in Turkey is governed and managed
principally by the Law on Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources
for the Purpose of Generating Electrical Energy No. 5346 and dated
10.05.2005, Electricity Market Law No. 6446 and dated 14.03.2013,
Electricity Market License Regulation ("License
Regulation") dated 02.11.2013 and the Regulation on the
Unlicensed Electricity Generating in Electricity Market
("Unlicensed Electricity Regulation") dated
In principle, each legal entity willing to operate in
electricity market must obtain license separately for its each
activity before start up. However, there are some activities which
can be carried out in the electricity market without license
regulated under the Unlicensed Electricity Regulation.
2. Pre-application Period:
Legal entities willing to establish generation facilities based
on solar power should apply to the Energy Market Regulatory
Authority ("EMRA") in order to participate in the public
solar power licensing contest. In this respect, the applicant
entities must fulfill some requirements requested by law. On solar
power basis, the most important requirement is to collect solar
measurement data at the site where the facility shall be
established, for a period of at least one year within the most
recent three years, with 6 months registered on site, in accordance
with the terms and conditions regulated under the License
Regulation. After the collection of the measurement data, the
results of the measurement must be approved by the MGM or the
relevant Accredited Entity and then submitted to the application
file required for the contest.
In the first phase of the license application, the awarded
applicant in the contest will be issued a preliminary license
during the pre-construction of the generation facility. The main
license would be issued only after the requisite permit procedures
have been completed by the preliminary licensee.
3. Pre-licensing Period:
Pre-licensing period for solar power may take for 24, 30 or 36
months depending upon the installed capacity of the generation
facility. During the pre-licensing period, the pre-licensee company
shall obtain the required permits, approvals, documents and
licenses to start the construction and also secure title of or the
right to use the relevant land. In this pre-licensing period,
required documents which are listed in the decision of EMRA No.
4709-7 published on 28th November 2013 can be classified in
accordance with the placement of the generation facility, permits
regarding the generation plant, documents and information regarding
the structure of the shareholders, payment documents including
letter of guarantee and pre-license fee.
4. Licensing Period:
Following the end of the pre-licensing period, the owner of
pre-license shall apply for license by submitting demanded
additional documents mentioned in the above indicated decision of
EMRA. If all the required documents are obtained in pre-licensing
period and additional requirements are fulfilled, the owner of the
pre-license may obtain license. According to the License
Regulation, generation licenses are granted for a minimum of 10
years and for a maximum of 49 years. Other than expiration of the
term, licenses are terminated upon request of the generator or if
the generator is declared bankrupt or no longer fulfills the
Since the generation license entitles the holder to construct
and operate the generation facility, the owner of the license shall
start with the construction of the generation facility of which
details are specified on the license. According to the decision of
EMRA No. 4711 published on 28th November 2013, the construction
period for the generation facilities based on solar power is
determined as 22, 30 or 36 months depending on the installed
capacity of the generation facility.
The current pre-license applications made to EMRA in June 2013
for Turkey's first-ever solar energy licenses to build up to
600 MW of solar projects. In May 2014, first two pre- licenses were
awarded. One to Erzurum for 5MW and another to Elazığ for
8MW. The remaining projects are expected to be finalized by EMRA in
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