Foreigners who would want to work and practice their professions
in Turkey must obtain a work permit under the Law on Work Permits
for Foreigners ("Work Permits Law")1.
This being the case, certain professions such as being a dentist,
pharmacist etc. can only be practised by Turkish citizens.
So, one can not deny the fact that foreigners can freely practice
their professions in Turkey but of course by complying the legal
requirements and procedures of Turkish law.
Is it easy? Well; you have to start at some point, so may the
force be with you...
Work Permits Law states that the work permits can be obtained by
the foreigners simply by applying to the Turkish embassies and
consulates in the countries that they reside or of which they are
the citizens. Applications can be made either in hard copy or in
electronic form. The diplomatic missions of Turkey in those
countries relate the work permit applications made to them, to the
Ministry of Labor and Social Security (the
ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı) of
Turkey.The Ministry then evaluate the applications and conclude on
the same. It is possible for the foreigners who already hold a
residence permit in Turkey can directly apply to the Ministry to
obtain their work permits.
How can you survive the bureaucracy?
The Ministry concludes the work permit applications of the
foreigners, no later than 30 days following the date of
application, if of course all the required documentation and
information are furnished by the applicant. The regulation on Law
on Work Permits2 (the "Regulation")
provides that if the work which is the subject of the application,
requires an expertise to perform; then the Ministry inquires the
opinions of certain professional institutions; such as the unions,
chambers etc. Finally the Ministry renders its decision on
the issuance of the work permit. When inquired by the Ministry,
those institutions must respond to the Ministry in no later than 15
days following the date of inquiry made by the Ministry. In making
its final evaluation, the Ministry considers the developments in
the daily work life changes in the conjuncture in terms of
employment, geographic and financial educational background of the
applying foreigner and the potential contribution of the work place
to the economy in Turkey.
Congratulations! You've made it.
To date, the work permit to be issued by the Ministry used to
become valid and enforceable, only with a duly issued working visa
and a residence permit being issued in the name of the applying
foreigner. Well, we have a good news on that: Very recently, a
legislation has entered into effect providing that foreigners who
already have obtained a work permit will automatically be deemed to
have obtained a residence permit as well. This recent progress,
means less bureaucracy and once the above procedures are completed,
then the foreigners become entitled to practice their professions
1 Law numbered 4817 and dated 27.2.2001; published in the
official Gazette numbered 25040 and dated 6.3.2003
2 Regulation published in the Gazzette dated August 29,
2003 and numbered 25214.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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