The Uzbek Parliament has introduced amendments into the Code of
Administrative Responsibility and the Criminal Code of the Republic
that will have a significant impact on collection of personal data
within the country. It is has been determined that collection and
dissemination of information about private life of individuals,
constituting their private or family secret, without their consent
is now punishable by large fines amounting to 10-40 minimum monthly
wages. Repeated commission of the offence may lead to larger fines
or imprisonment of wrongdoers' officers.
Although the concept of 'private secrecy' is not clearly
defined by Uzbek law, it may be interpreted as embracing personal
information of individuals (PII). PII is regarded to be
confidential under Uzbek law and includes any information about
individual's personality such as name, place of residence,
marital status, place of employment and so forth. While it was
illegal to collect, store and use PII prior to introduction of the
above amendments, there was no clear legal responsibility for
infringing these rules.
It should be noted that legal framework for collection, storage,
processing and transfer of PII in Uzbekistan is in its developing
stage and, hence, there are certain ambiguities, inconsistencies
and 'grey' areas in this sphere. Thus, we advise companies
dealing with PII to always obtain consents of the PII owners and to
seek advice of their legal counsels, if certain sophisticated
operations are carried out with PII.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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