When most people think about Colombia, coffee usually comes to
mind more so than coal or oil.
However, yesterday, the U.S. Energy Information Administration
("EIA") put a spotlight on the country's energy
production when it published its Colombia Country Analysis
Brief. The full EIA brief on Colombia can be found here.
According to the EIA brief, Colombia is South
America's largest coal producer AND the region's
third-largest oil producer, after Venezuela and
In fact, "[i]n 2015, Colombia was
the world's fifth-largest coal exporter."
Since Colombia produces so much coal, does the country itself
run on coal?
No – according to the EIA brief, Colombia "relies on hydropower
for most of its electricity needs and uses very little coal
How much coal did Colombia export in 2015?
According to the EIA brief, 85% of the 94.3 million short tons
(MMST) of coal Colombia produced in 2015 was exported.
What about Colombia's oil?
Although the EIA brief states that "Colombia has fewer
proved oil reserves than Argentina and Ecuador," it also notes
that Colombia produces more oil than either country. The Rubiales
oilfield is reportedly the largest producing oil field in
The EIA brief putting the spotlight on
Colombia's energy production helps us realize more details
about the country's significant production.
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