Ukraine: NBU Gradually Lifts "Anti-Crisis" Restrictions (Ukrainian)

Last Updated: 16 June 2016
Article by Natalia Selyakova

7 червня 2016 року Правління Національного банку України («НБУ») прийняло нову антикризову постанову № 342 («Постанова»).

Постанова була прийнята для продовження дії антикризових заходів, які були передбачені Постановою НБУ № 140 від 3 березня 2016 року, зі змінами, дія якої закінчилася 8 червня 2016 року.

Загалом, Постанова частково продовжує дію раніше запроваджених антикризових заходів, а також передбачає певні пом'якшення для бізнесу.

Серед нових пом'якшень ми відзначаємо наступні:

  • Розмір обов'язкового продажу валютної виручки із-за кордону зменшився з 75% до 65%;
  • НБУ дозволив репатріацію дивідендів за 2014 та 2015 роки в розмірі, який не перевищує одного з наступних показників  у розрахунку на місяць: (а) 1 мільйон доларів США (в еквіваленті), або (b) 10% від загального обсягу дивідендів, що підлягають поверненню за кордон, але не більше 5 мільйонів доларів США (в еквіваленті);
  • Ліміт зняття готівкових коштів в іноземній валюті з  рахунків клієнтів був збільшений з 50 тисяч гривень до 100 тисяч гривень (в валютному еквіваленті) на добу;
  • Обмеження на зняття готівкових коштів в національній валюті з рахунків клієнтів у 500 тисяч гривень скасовано;
  • Фізичні особи можуть купувати іноземну валюту за готівку на загальну суму 12 тисяч гривень за один банківський день.

Антикризові заходи, які були продовжені, включають, зокрема:

  • Заборона дострокового погашення українськими позичальниками позик (кредитів) перед іноземними кредиторами (за виключенням певних випадків).
  • Заборона на зняття з валютного контролю експортних операцій шляхом проведення взаємозаліку вимог (за виключенням певних випадків).
  • Заборона українським банкам надавати кредити в національній валюті (в тому числі продовжувати дію існуючих кредитних ліній), забезпеченням по яким є кошти в іноземній валюті.
  • З урахуванням деяких виключень, банкам й досі заборонено купувати валюту для клієнтів-юридичних осіб, які мають власну валюту на поточних чи депозитних рахунках.
  • Банкам й досі заборонено купувати та переказувати валюту за кордон іноземним інвесторам у деяких випадках, якщо кошти були отримані від продажу корпоративних прав/акцій українських компаній, а також у разі повернення капіталу закордон (наприклад, в результаті зменшення статутного капіталу або вихід іноземного інвестора з товариства).
  • Деякі обмеження були продовжені щодо операцій з купівлі цінних металів.

Постанова вступає в силу з 9 червня 2016 року, окрім положень щодо репатріації дивідендів, які вступають в силу з 13 червня 2016 року. Постанова діятиме до 14 вересня 2016 року.

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