With summer comes the usual influx of vacation requests. And
many Czech employees wrongly believe that they are entitled to
determine their own annual leave periods.
Many Czech employees believe that they are entitled to determine
their own annual leave periods however, it's actually the
employer who has that right, and who schedules in the holidays
In practice, it's common for the employer and employee to
agree in writing on vacation conditions that suit both sides.
Vacation should be taken by the end of the calendar year in
which this leave was accrued. According to the Labour Code, advance notice of at least 14 days
is required – and in writing – unless otherwise
There are scenarios where upcoming vacation is not scheduled by
the employer due to obstacles on the employee's side, or due to
urgent operational reasons on the employer's side. Where part
of the vacation allowance is transferred to the next calendar year
due to the above mentioned reasons, or due to the breach of
employer's obligation by failing to schedule the vacation to
the employee (threat of penalties of up to CZK 200,000), the Labour
Code specifies one more obligation to the employer.
The employer must schedule the vacation to the employee by 30
June so that the employee's transferred vacation is drawn out
by the end of the following calendar year. Where the vacation is
not scheduled by the employer within the specified time, the
employee is entitled to determine his/her vacation by
himself/herself from 1 July. This is the only situation where
vacation is scheduled by the employee. The same rule mentioned
above applies for the employee as for the employer.
Vacation after maternity leave
The Czech Labour Code also specifies leave regulations for
employees who are concurrently on maternity leave (parental leave
The employee on maternity leave may ask her employer to schedule
her vacation so that it immediately follows the end of her
maternity leave, and the employer is obliged to comply with this
request. If the employee doesn't ask the employer to schedule
her vacation, and if parental leave begins immediately after
maternity leave resulting in 100 or more total working days missed,
the unexpended vacation is reduced in accordance with the provision
of the Labour Code.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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