A recent overruling by the Supreme Court has revoked the
priority status of pension schemes issued with a Financial Support
Direction (FSD) or Contribution Notice (CN) by the Pensions
Regulator, following an insolvency event. Whilst the decision
largely affects companies operating within England and Wales,
Scottish Courts are expected to be guided by the ruling.
Previous decisions of both the High Court and Court of Appeal
afforded a special 'super priority' status to pension
schemes that were the subject of an FSD or CN. This 'super
priority' status granted preferential creditor status (and
protection) to pension schemes during the insolvency process
– a position that would normally only be assigned to
administrators for their fees.
The new ruling
Following the Supreme Court's ruling, FSDs and CNs will no
longer be treated as a priority. Instead they will be
reclassified as 'provable debt' – and will rank
alongside general unsecured claims during insolvency
The Supreme Court has stated that much of the reasoning behind
its decision lies within specific provisions, relating to
'provable debt', within the Insolvency Rules
1986. In Scotland, however, companies are governed by
the provisions of the Insolvency (Scotland) Rules 1986
and, although expected to be directed by this ruling, can proceed
upon a very different basis.
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The liquidators of Ralls Builders Limited brought a wrongful trading claim against the directors of the Company. The Company went into administration in October 2010 followed by liquidation in January 2011.
In 2001 Indah Kiat (the Company), part of the APP group of companies, defaulted under the terms of two series of notes with a combined value of $350m (the Notes), both guaranteed by the Company's parent.
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