United States: North Carolina General Assembly Week In Review - May 18, 2015

House Unveils Budget in Busy Week

The state House unveiled their budget proposal last week and while the full plan will come out early this week, the nearly $22 billion proposal reflects a clear upswing in the economy, with less cuts to major policy areas. Indeed, education, transportation and health care were all allocated additional funds in this budget, evidence of the $400 million projected revenue surplus that was announced in recent weeks.

Agriculture and Natural and Economic Resources

The Agriculture and Natural and Economic Resources proposal includes additional funding for clean water grants and water infrastructure, as well as money for the dredging of Oregon Inlet. The Parks and Recreation Trust Fund will see a substantial increase, with a $12.5 million increase in the first year, to $1.5 million in subsequent years. This would bring the overall funding for the Parks and Recreation Trust Fund up to $42.5 million.

Additionally, more funding would be committed for the N.C. Biotechnology Center, to continue to fund discoveries.

The North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission would take a 23 percent cut to money it receives from the General Fund, although its overall budget would increase slightly.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Capital

The proposed House capital improvements budget includes a provision that would pay for five construction projects at major North Carolina universities with a special type of bond package called "two- thirds bonds," should voters fail to approve the larger bond proposal in 2016. Two-thirds bonds do not require voter approval and are frequently used by cities and counties to fund building projects.

The proposed capital budget also includes $3 million to help repair the hull of Battleship North Carolina in Wilmington, $5 million for water resource projects, including dredging projects, and $4 million to replace the third floor roof at the Legislative Building in Raleigh.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Education

The initial House education budget proposal would increase K-12 school spending by $269 million, adding new funds for charter schools and teacher bonuses. A large portion of the increase is $100.2 million to handle enrollment growth, with North Carolina public schools expected to add 17,000 more students over the course of the next year. The spending proposal does not yet show any raises for teachers or other school personnel. Budget writers said those details won't be released until the full budget draft is completed early next week. House leaders have said they plan to raise starting teacher salaries to $35,000, a priority that both Governor Pat McCrory (R-NC) and Senate leaders say they share.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

General Government

The North Carolina Government Efficiency and Reform initiative (NC GEAR), one of the signature initiatives of Gov. McCrory, is in serious trouble since the House's general government budget proposal fails to fully fund the program's essential personnel. Gov. McCrory had requested $872,000 for new positions to institutionalize the work of NC GEAR, but the committee's budget includes no such allocation. NC GEAR was established by Gov. McCrory and the General Assembly in 2013 to develop a strategic transformation plan for state government, to streamline services and departments. The legislature granted NC GEAR the authority to evaluate "all executive branch departments, agencies, boards, commissions, authorities, and institutions in the executive branch of state government."

Some of the NC GEAR recommendations, however, did make it into the general government budget proposal. Key among them was establishing a new, cabinet-level Department of Military and Veterans Affairs, something Gov. McCrory pushed for in his State of the State speech in February. The entire Division of Veterans Affairs would be transferred to the new department, which is supposed to improve services for the more than 110,000 active duty members and 770,000 veterans who call North Carolina home.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Health and Human Services

The health and human services budget includes an additional $287 million added to pay for increases in Medicaid enrollment and use of medical services; in addition to setting up a Joint Legislative Oversight Committee on Medicaid.

Additionally, the budget includes a provision for establishing an Office of Program Evaluation Reporting and Accountability within the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The DHHS Secretary would hire the program director, but he could only be fired by the governor.

As written, the budget features more than $4.9 million in additional funds for mental health, bringing the total mental health budget to $43 million. The budget also features a $970,000 block grant allocation to pay for services offered to the elderly.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Information Technology

The information technology budget includes a $1.5 million allocation to aid in building FirstNet, a nationwide wireless network dedicated to public safety. Additionally, the budget allocates over $3 million for IT modernization throughout the state's Office of Information Technology Services. Other items of interest include $500,000 for an economic development modeling plan at UNC Charlotte, $4.5 million to increase the state IT security and $8 million to support the Government Data Analytics Center (GDAC).

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Justice and Public Safety

The House's proposed spending plan for the courts does not include everything Chief Justice Mark Martin asked for when he addressed legislators in February of this year. This year's budget, however, does include an overall increase in funding for the courts, including $6.3 million added to the operating budget and $11.9 million for technology that could help bring an antiquated court-filing system into the digital age.

The budget also allocates $3.3 million toward the establishment of the first four behavioral health units planned at eight high-security prisons throughout North Carolina. Additionally, money is included to provide $1.16 million for 35 new workers starting Jan. 1 at the Central Prison health care facility, which is adding 72 new beds.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Transportation

The transportation budget includes a provision to decrease the gas tax from the current amount of 36 cents a gallon to 33 cents in January 2016. While drivers who use diesel fuel have always been taxed at the same rate in the past, the diesel tax would be set at 3 cents higher than the gas tax starting in January 2016, at 36 cents per gallon. Notably, the Division of Motor Vehicles would collect an additional $289 million a year under a provision that calls for a 50 percent increase for driver's licenses, vehicle titles and other fees. The annual car registration renewal fee, not including county property taxes, would rise from $28 to $42, with the increase largely going to pay for road construction.

Read the full subcommittee special provisions report here and the money report here

Other Items of Interest

In addition to the House's budget proposal, Gov. McCrory, House Speaker Tim Moore (R-Cleveland), and Senate Pro Tempore Phil Berger (R-Rockingham) issued a joint statement declaring that an economic development plan for the state will be finalized in the next two weeks.

H562, Second Amendment Affirmation Act, was abruptly pulled from consideration this week, after an announcement from Speaker Moore that new provisions for the bill would be added in the coming days. Among other things, the bill would require schools to allow gun owners with concealed weapons permits to bring their guns onto school property as long as they leave the gun locked in their vehicle.

The House unanimously passed H182, Property Insurance Fairness, which allows for bonds to cover a coastal insurance pool's catastrophic damage payouts.

Read H562 here and H182 here

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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