United States: CMS Proposes Medicare IPPS And LTCH PPS Rates/Policies For FY 2014

On April 10, 2013, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published its proposed rule updating Medicare inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS) and long-term acute care hospital prospective payment system (LTCH PPS) rates and policies for fiscal year (FY) 2014, which begins October 1, 2013. Comments on the proposed rule will be accepted until June 25, 2013. Highlights of the sweeping rule include the following: 

  • The proposed rule would increase IPPS operating rates by 0.8% after accounting for all adjustments (if a hospital does not successfully participate in the Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting (IQR) Program, this update is reduced by 2.0 percentage points). The 0.8% update reflects the hospital market basket of 2.5% reduced by a -0.4 percentage point multi-factor productivity adjustment and an additional -0.3 percentage point reduction in accordance with the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The rate is further decreased by 0.8% for a proposed documentation and coding recoupment adjustment required by the American Tax Relief Act of 2012 and by a 0.2% proposed adjustment to offset the cost of a proposal addressing its inpatient medical review criteria. Specifically, CMS proposes to clarify its medical review criteria to presume that Part A hospital inpatient status is appropriate if the beneficiary is admitted to the hospital pursuant to a physician order and receives care for at least two midnights. On the other hand, hospital inpatient admissions spanning less than two midnights will presumptively be inappropriate under Part A. Appropriate documentation could rebut the presumption.
  • The proposed rule includes a number of hospital quality initiatives. For instance, CMS is proposing to implement the ACA's Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program. Under this provision, effective beginning in FY 2015, hospitals that rank among the lowest-performing 25% with regard to HACs will be paid 99% of the IPPS payment that otherwise would be made. The proposed rule addresses, among other things, the payment adjustment, measure selection, risk-adjustment and scoring methodology; performance scoring; public availability of hospital-specific performance information; and limitation of administrative and judicial review. CMS also proposes to update the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP) Program, which adjusts IPPS payments based on how well a hospital performs or improves performance on a set of quality measures. For FY 2014, CMS proposes increasing the applicable percent reduction to base operating DRG payment amounts to 1.25%, increasing the total estimated amount available for value-based incentive payments (approximately $1.1 billion), and adding new measures to the program. In addition, the proposed rule would expand the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, under which CMS currently assesses hospitals' penalties using three readmissions measures (heart attack, heart failure, and pneumonia). The maximum payment reduction will increase from 1% to 2% in FY 2014, as mandated by the ACA. For FY 2014, CMS also proposes to add two new measures to calculate readmission penalties effective for FY 2015: readmissions for hip/knee arthroplasty and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. CMS also proposes a revised methodology to take into account planned readmissions for the existing readmissions measures. The proposed rule also would revise IQR program measures.
  • CMS proposes to implement new cost centers for Implantable Devices, MRIs, CT scans, and cardiac catheterization for FY 2014, which would increase the total number of cost-to-charge ratios (CCRs) used to calculate the FY 2014 proposed relative weights from 15 to 19. The additional CCRs generally increase the relative weight values for surgical Medicare severity diagnosis related group (MS-DRGs) and decrease the relative weight values for medical MS-DRGs.
  • CMS proposes to implement an ACA provision revising how Medicare disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments are paid. Under the proposed rule, hospitals will receive 25% of the payment they otherwise would receive, and the remaining 75% percent will be adjusted for decreases in the national rate of uninsured individuals and distributed to hospitals payments based on the hospital's share of uncompensated care relative to all Medicare DSH hospitals.
  • The proposed rule also addresses, among many other things: MS-DRG classifications for certain procedures; applications for new technology add-on payments; direct graduate medical education and indirect medical education payments; and the rate-of-increase limits for certain hospitals excluded from the IPPS that are paid on a reasonable cost basis subject to these limits. In addition, CMS proposes to revise the conditions of participation (CoPs) for hospitals relating to the administration of vaccines by nursing staff, and the CoPs for critical access hospitals relating to the provision of acute care inpatient services.
  • With regard to the LTCH PPS, CMS proposes a 1.8% annual update for LTCHs, which would increase the standard federal rate to $40,622.06. The rule also includes a number of other LTCH PPS payment and policy provisions, including a proposal to allow the regulatory moratorium on the full application of the "25% Rule" to lapse, new quality measures, and solicitation of comments on patient criteria-based payment adjustments. Reed Smith has prepared a Client Alert with additional details on the LTCH PPS provisions.

This article is presented for informational purposes only and is not intended to constitute legal advice.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions