The Turkish Ministry of Development's Higher Planning
Council ("Higher Planning Council") has adopted
three Strategy Papers and Action Plans, respectively outlining the
2015 to 2018 programs and targets for intellectual property rights,
biotechnology and geographical indications in Turkey.
National Intellectual Property Rights Strategy Paper and
This plan is an overview of the current situation of
Intellectual Property Rights in Turkey, developed with input from
the Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights Coordination
Council. The plan aims to improve legislation and practice,
consistency between court judgements, strengthen customs and law
enforcement, as well as increase social awareness. The plan notes
that studies to support commercialization of intellectual property
rights will be put on the government's agenda.
In the short-term, a draft law is targeted for completion by the
end of 2015 to amend the Law of Industrial Property Rights. Changes
will enter into force within three years and include:
Establishing an Intellectual Property Rights Academy, as well
as a Literary and Artistic Works Database.
Increasing the number of specialized courts.
Promoting alternative dispute resolution and mediation.
Collective societies are planned to be gathered under a single
roof. Accordingly, the necessary infrastructure will be
The plan gives emphasis to actions related to education and
social awareness. For example, it contemplates education programs
being organized in state institutions, including universities and
other educational establishments.
Biotechnology Strategy and Action Plan
This plan is based upon extensive analysis of the strengths,
weaknesses, opportunities and threats facing health, agricultural
and industrial biotechnology in Turkey. The plan aims to improve
legal arrangements, as well as develop technical infrastructure and
production capacity in these biotechnology fields. A key action is
improvement of policies for protecting intellectual property
rights. Legislation to address biotechnological smuggling and
update on the Biosafety Law will be put on the government's
National Geographical Indications Strategy Paper and
The importance of consumer protection and rural development
increase daily in Turkey. Accordingly, a specific plan for
geographical indications was required. The plan aims to raise
awareness, develop legislation and practice, improve
inter-enterprise coordination, as well as establish an effective
control system and marketing strategies. Consideration of possible
participation in the Lisbon Agreement is also noted.
Detailed information of the three plans can be found at
following links (only available in Turkish):
On 8 September 2016 (C-160/15), the CJEU ruled that the posting of a hyperlink to copyright-protected works located on another website does not constitute copyright infringement when the link poster does not seek financial gain.
The chapter on the UK summarises the IP court and litigation system in the UK, recent developments in relation to IP law and practice, the forms and availability of IP protection and trends and outlook in the IP sphere.
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