Despite all debates in the parliament between the ruling AK
Party and the opposition parties, the new environmental assessment
regulation has been published in the Official Gazette dated
November 25, 2014 and numbered 29186
The Regulation provides that railroad projects which do not
exceed 100 kilometers in length will be exempt from environmental
According to the Regulation, dredging projects which are
conducted to dredge materials in excess of 3.000.000 m3 will also
be exempt from environmental assessment procedures.
Before the Regulation came into force, the environmental
assessment procedures for wind power plants were determined based
on the number of turbines in a wind power plant rather than their
production capacity. However, the Regulation now stipulates that
the environmental assessment procedures of wind power plants shall
be determined according to their production capacity. In other
words, wind power plants with a production capacity of 1-50
MW's shall be included under Schedule 2 (i.e. schedule
indicating activities which will be reviewed by the Ministry of
Environment and Urban Planning
("Ministry")) whereas wind power plants
with a production capacity exceeding 50 MW shall be included under
Schedule 1 of the Regulation (i.e. schedule indicating activities
which shall be subject to environmental assessment).
Apart from these, there are certain activities which have now
been moved from Schedule 1 of the Regulation to Schedule 2.
Prior to the Regulation, mass housing projects with 2,000 or
more houses were subject to environmental assessment. However, with
the Regulation, mass housing projects have been removed from
Schedule 1 of the Regulation. On the other hand, Schedule 2
previously indicated that mass housing projects with 200 or more
houses shall be subject to the review of the Ministry. However,
with the Regulation, this number has now been increased to 500.
The Regulation also introduces some changes with respect to
environmental assessments of hydroelectric power plants. In this
respect, hydroelectric power plants with a production capacity of
25 MW or more were listed under Schedule 1 whereas hydroelectric
power plants with a production capacity between 1 and 25 MW were
listed under Schedule 2. The Regulation has amended these numbers
and now hydroelectric power plants with a production capacity of 10
MW or more are listed under Schedule 1 and those with a production
capacity of 1-10 MW are listed under Schedule 2.
Previously, golf facilities (covering an area up to 50 hectares)
and shopping malls (covering an area of 50.000 m2 or more) were
listed under Schedule 1 whereas now these items are listed under
Schedule 2 as a result of the Regulation.
Pursuant to the Regulation, disassembly of industrial and energy
facilities (e.g. nuclear power plants, thermal power plants,
factories and etc.) shall no longer be listed under Schedule 2 so
that such activities will be exempted from environmental
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A new Spanish Law on air pollution has been published and is
likely to lead to increasingly strict controls on air emissions
for many sectors.
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