Whether for heating or for electricity generation, energy is one
of the indispensable resources in the world which plays an
essential role in the politics as well as in the economy of a
country. Within the increasing population and industrial
developments in the world, there has been a growth in energy
demand. According to the statistics, the gross energy consumption
has been 245,5 billion kWh in Turkey in 2013, which has been
increased since 2012. In spite of developments in energy
production, the energy gap and import dependency cannot be
overcome. Newly, the options for reduction of energy import
dependency and of energy supply security through renewable energy
resources has been discussed.
Energy supply security with regard to the primary energy
A result of import dependency in energy is the existence of an
energy supply security risk. As is known, a big part of energy is
produced from primary sources and on the first place of which the
natural gas is placed. Most of natural gas has been imported and
its amount may vary depending on the temperature changes, political
or technical factors. Many countries in the European Union zone
have overcome such risk by developing the natural gas storage
facilities. Due to the storage of the natural gas, the natural gas
supply and maintenance of natural gas prices in all circumstances
Regarding the storage of primary energy resources, Turkey has
been working in natural gas storage projects and the natural gas
legislation requires to prove the sufficient storage capacity in
order to obtain supplier license. However, compared to the European
Union countries, the current natural gas storage capacity of Turkey
is low, but in a growth.
Storage of the renewable energy towards energy turnarouond
As mentioned above, energy storage is possible for primary
energy resources, especially for natural gas. Despite this, the
most important question is the storage of produced renewable
energy. As is known, numerous countries have been in a change in
energy production by using renewable resources in energy
production. Since primary energy sources are exhaustible and have
risks such as environmental pollution, it is intended to increase
the energy production from renewables, natural and clean energy
resources. Within this scope, Germany has been in an energy
transition since 2010 beginning of which dates back to 1970s.
Accordingly, the energy production from renewables has been
supported whereas the number of nuclear power plants has been
During all these changes in energy and environmental policy in
the world, the question how to storage the produced and/or surplus
produced energy has come to the fore. In this regard, it is
discussed if the renewable energy might be stored in order to
prevent the energy fluctuations. Recently, the biggest electricity
storage facility of Europe has been opened in Germany which has a
storage capacity of 5 MW. This can be regarded as a major step
forward in energy supply security and also in environment
Why to store the energy?
The energy supply security is not the solely reason of energy
storage. Different technologies and methods for energy storage have
been developed in order to provide energy quality and reliability,
to prevent uncontrolled energy production, to prevent the
installation requirement of additional transmission networks, to
minimize the energy import dependency as well as to use the energy
resources efficiently. In some countries, investments in storage of
renewable energy are supported by official institutions or
The situation in Turkey and future prospects
Turkish Law requires the existence of storage capacity for
certain market activity licenses in natural gas sector. The natural
gas storage has also been supported due to incentives. However,
storage of electricity manufactured from renewables has not come to
the fore yet. If the renewable energy potential and the target to
increase the share of renewable energy resources and to minimize
the energy import dependency of Turkey is considered, the storage
of renewable energy would be regarded as an important development
for electricity market.
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guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
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