Turkey: Rısıng Star Of Transportatıon: Seaplane

Seaplanes are emerged as an alternative solution, by combining seaway and airway, for inland and overseas transportation with a variety of commercial roles and usages in order to expand the limits of transportation. Seaplane gives the opportunity to operate in various conditions such as on snow, water or ground.

This alternative has been using for years by USA, Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Africa either for military or civil services. And now with the amended Regulation of Seaplane and Seaplane Operations (SHY-sea) came into effect on 23.07.2013, it is predicted that seaplane transportation will rise drastically in Turkey as considering the geographic features, it is not too far for Turkey to become a seaplane transportation base in the Mediterranean. Private aviation companies and local authorities are now focused their attention on this new alternative to use the geographical potential of Turkey.

This new regulation simplified the usage of seaplane and makes it more effective as a transportation method. Under the terms of the regulation, in order to perform seaplane transportation, operators should hold a operating certificate comply with the conditions of Regulation on Commercial Air Transportation Operators (SHY-6A) and General Regulation of Aircraft Operations (SHY-6B) and continue to fulfil the conditions stated on the regulations during the seaplane operation.

Upon application to Directorate General of Turkish Civil Aviation (DGCA), a certain area on water can be designated to an operator as a seaplane base which can be as simple as a body of water on which seaplanes are permitted to land, but usually include fuel, maintenance or moorage facilities. With the application, applicant operators are required to submit WGS-84 Datum information and the coordinates of potential sea transportation area by referring Department of Hydrograph and Oceanography reports. However, the rights to use seaplane bases shall not only vested in applicant operator but also any other operator who gained a permit from DGCA. In that context, seaplane operators will be responsible from all safety and security measures regarding passengers and cargos.

Hence seaplane operation is a combination of airway and seaway, the governing law regarding such operations will be both aviation law and maritime law, thus pilots who operate the seaplane is required to hold pilot's licence as well as sailor certificate. According to the new regulation, pilots are able to get that sailors licence from the Ministry of Transportation. The distinctive moment in respect to governing law is the touchdown of seaplane. After that point, the seaplane will be subject to Maritime Law and shall be under the controls of Turkish Maritime Management or Turkish Coast Guard Command depending on the jurisdiction borders. Operations to the abroad can be performed by passing through the border crossings which determined by the Ministry of Transportation.

There is however a restriction on landing distance that, seaplanes are not allowed to land on water closer than 2miles to public swimming area. In order to maintain flight safety and final control of inland water, pilots should make a circle over the seaplane base before landing. In addition, pilots are required to communicate with Air Traffic Control (ATC) units in appropriate time limits before landing in order to get a landing permission to sea bases or controlled aerodromes. Pilots are also responsible from uncontrolled aerodromes on sea, lake and river. In that respect, Bosporus (Istanbul-Çanakkale cannot be used for takeoff and landing as stated on the new regulation.

Under the terms of the regulation, the takeoff and landing of seaplane is depending on a specific permission from DGCA. So as to do that, a form should be filled and submitted to DGCA minimum 10 days before the operation.

ADVANTAGES

Comfortable, as it mentioned earlier a seaplane base is simply a body of water, such as sea, lake or river, on which seaplanes are permitted to land, but usually include fuel, maintenance or moorage facilities. The vital importance of seaplane is that in many instances a seaplane base can be located in much closer proximity to the central business district and other key transportation nodes than an existing or proposed ground based aviation operation. In addition, a potential option that waterfront cities may wish to consider for increasing their available airport operational capacity is to add or expand a seaplane base.

Ecological in contrast with boats or ships, seaplanes engine does not contact the sea surface thereby; it prevents fuel and oil pollution.

Economic Because there is no need for control tower and ground handling services, costs are reducing accordingly. For instance, a flight from Istanbul to Bursa costs only 35 Euros approximately. In addition, seaplanes can make 120 miles per hour by using only 40 litre fuel and generally carry minimum 19 people per operation for civil services.

Besides all these, seaplane operations are more safe and even on dangerous circumstances it is possible to overcome with minor injuries comparing to aircraft operations.

Opportunities

With the recent investments, many destinations that airlines cannot operate are now reachable by seaplane. Istanbul - Alaçatı, İzmir, Bursa, Bodrum and Samsun-Trabzon destinations are already scheduled. Istanbul to Bursa flights takes only 18 minutes and it costs only 100 Turkish Liras which is 35 Euros approximately. Thus, recent developments make this alternative transportation way become more approachable for everyone with affordable prices. Considering the features of seaplanes, companies are planning to use seaplane in order to reach ski resorts directly in winter seasons. Moreover, Turkey's central geographic position in the Mediterranean gives the opportunity to Turkish seaplane operators to expand their flight destinations and perform operations to Greece, Italy, Spain, Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

Hence seaplane has its diversified features; seaplane operations are the rising opportunity and new favourite sector in Turkey expanding to transportation and tourism to invest in for entrepreneurs.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
 
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions