Trade creditors or vendors know that a customer’s Chapter 11 filing can mean long delays before receiving any payment on a pre-petition account, and that payment is usually a fraction of the amount owed. Traditionally, a vendor files a proof of claim and presses for a meaningful payment, usually with little success. Do vendors, especially those integral to a debtor’s survival, have any recourse? Fortunately, with the development of the "critical vendor doctrine", creditors may have a meaningful