Mexico: Constitutional Reform On Labor Justice, Freedom Of Association And Collective Bargaining

The Decree amending Articles 107 and 123 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States as regards to labor justice, freedom of association and collective bargaining ("Decree") was published in the Federal Official Gazette ("DOF" for its acronym in Spanish) on February 24, 2017. The referred to amendments are explained below:

1. Article 107, section V, subparagraph d), relating to amparo claims against final resolutions or judgments ending a labor conflict, was amended to establish that such resolutions or judgments will now be issued by the new local or federal labor courts, instead of the awards rendered by the Local or Federal Conciliation and Arbitration Boards, which will disappear.

2. Article 123, Part A, section XVIII, was amended to provide that when the objective of a strike is to obtain the execution of a collective bargaining agreement, the union shall demonstrate that it actually represents the workers, seeking with this measure to eradicate strike notices made by "phantom" unions and avoid extortion practices against employers.

3. Article 123 Part A, section XIX was amended to precise that work stoppages require the prior approval of the labor courts, in lieu of the Conciliation and Arbitration Boards that will disappear.

4. Article 123 Part A, section XX was amended to provide that the resolution of conflicts between workers and employers will now be in charge of the federal and state labor courts pertaining to the Judiciary Branch, whose members will be appointed by the Federal Judiciary Council in the case of federal jurisdiction or in accordance with the Constitutions and Organic Laws of the States in the case of local jurisdiction, who must have proficiency and experience in labor matters.

Through this amendment the Conciliation and Arbitration Boards formed by representatives of workers, employers and the Government will disappear.

Another important change introduced in this section XX corresponds to the duty to attend a mandatory conciliatory hearing before the beginning of a trial before the labor courts. Subsequent conciliatory hearings will only be conducted by agreement between the parties to the dispute.

The conciliatory function within local jurisdiction will be assigned to Conciliation Centers to be established in the different states, which will have legal capacity and their own endowment, as well as technical, operative, budgetary, decision and management autonomy. Its integration and operation will be determined by local laws.

In the federal jurisdiction, the conciliatory function will be carried out by a decentralized government agency with legal capacity and its own assets, as well as technical, operative, budgetary, decision and management autonomy, whose integration and operation will be determined in the law to be enacted for such effects. It should be noted that this federal agency will also be responsible for the registration of all collective bargaining agreements and trade union organizations, as well as all related administrative processes.

The head of this federal agency must be voted by two-thirds of the members of the Senate from among a slate of three candidates proposed by the Mexican President, and will have a six-years tenure, and the possibility of being re-elected once.

The designation as head of the referred to federal agency must be made to a person who has proficiency and expertise in labor matters, has not held a position in any political party or been a candidate to hold a position of public election in the three years prior to his appointment, enjoys good reputation and has not been convicted of a felony.

5. Section XXII Bis is added to Article 123 Part A, with the aim of strengthening the right to collectively bargain and warranting the principles of representativeness of trade union organizations and certainty in the execution, registration and filing of collective bargaining agreements.

Likewise, it is expressly established that for the resolution of conflicts between unions, the request to execute a collective bargaining agreement and the election of trade union leaders, the workers' vote shall be personal, free and secret.

This measure aims to eliminate the use of "collective bargaining agreements for protection purposes" and to promote that workers participate actively and openly in the bargaining process.

6. Subparagraph (c) is added to Section XXXI of Article 123, Part A, concerning the exclusive jurisdiction of the federal labor authorities in relation to the registration of collective bargaining agreements and trade union organizations, as well as all administrative processes in connection therewith, functions which are the responsibility of the decentralized federal agency mentioned above.

Although the aforementioned amendments became effective the day after their publication in the DOF, legislative adjustments at both the federal and state levels must be made within a one year term from the date in which the Decree became effective in order to regulate and implement the changes herein described. Thus, significant changes to the Federal Labor Law currently in force and the enactment of secondary legislation on labor procedural matters are still expected.

Similarly, within the aforementioned one year period, the Mexican President must propose to the Senate the list of three candidates to perform as head of the decentralized federal agency in charge of the registration of collective bargaining agreements and trade union organizations.

As long as the new Labor Courts, Conciliation Centers and decentralized federal agency are not established and operating, the Conciliation and Arbitration Boards and, where appropriate, the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, will continue to deal with labor disputes and the registration of collective bargaining agreements and trade union organizations.

Matters that are pending before the Conciliation and Arbitration Boards at the time the new labor courts begin operating shall be resolved in accordance with the provisions applicable at the time of their commencement. The Conciliation and Arbitration Boards must transfer the proceedings and files they have under their protection to the new labor courts or to the decentralized federal agency for what regards to the registration of collective bargaining agreements and trade unions.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
EC Legal Rubio Villegas
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
 
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
EC Legal Rubio Villegas
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions