Jersey: Hope For The Best But Prepare For The Worst – How To Preserve Family Wealth

Last Updated: 7 December 2011
Article by Richard Pirie

Preservation of wealth – current and future – is not usually high on the agenda (or on it at all) in the romantic froth of wedding preparations.

However divorce is one of the most common causes of loss of family wealth - but there are a number of ways of reducing the risk and level of wealth loss.

Upon a divorce the wealth of the family is split. This will in all likelihood include not only the wealth created during the marriage, including the value of pension funds, which can be significant but which may not be realisable, but also pre-owned assets and inherited wealth.

Account will also be taken of prospective assets such as share options and future inheritance. The costs of litigating about the division of wealth can itself use a significant part of the combined wealth, as well as causing hostility between the parties.

There are, therefore, a number of reasons for agreeing in advance – either before or shortly after the marriage - what will happen to wealth on divorce.

For many years the courts did not enforce or uphold such agreements on the basis that they ousted the jurisdiction of the courts. Then gradually their provisions were taken into account of as part of the circumstances of the case, while leaving the court free to apply or ignore them as it saw fit. More recently, as cases such as Radmacher –v- Granatino have illustrated, pre-nuptial agreements ("pre-nups") are likely to be held to be binding as long as they meet the Court's overriding duty to ensure fairness.

A pre-nup will be fair if it shows that all appropriate issues have been considered in balanced negotiations. The crucial factors are (i) full and frank disclosure so that both parties know enough about the other's wealth to make informed choices; (ii) provision for variation in the light of reasonably foreseeable circumstances such as the birth of children; and (iii) periodic reviews to adapt to changing circumstances. Such agreements must provide fairly for the party with the weaker 'financial muscle' and must take account of lower earning potential through loss of career, homemaking/child rearing roles, health and other foreseeable events. Finally both parties must have sufficient opportunity to obtain independent legal advice before signing.

The exercise of achieving a pre-nup with a good chance of being upheld is significant and must therefore be commenced well before the planned wedding day and completed with time to spare. Ideally a prenup should also be confirmed by both parties after the marriage has taken place to have the best chance of being upheld.

But it is not just the parties to a marriage that need to consider planning for possible divorce.

Parents who have accumulated wealth which will be inherited by their children should consider putting it into a trust or foundation for the benefit of their children and future generations - but not their spouses!

In recent years there has been a great deal of case law in England on how divorce courts should treat assets held in trust and the benefits received from them. Every case will depend on its own facts, but the principle which can be derived is that while what the child can reasonably expect to receive in terms of income and capital will be treated as a resource, it is unlikely that the wealth itself will be treated as the child's asset on divorce.

However foreign divorce court orders cannot be directly enforced against Jersey trusts. There have therefore been a number of cases in Jersey in which the Royal Court has considered whether and to what extent it should enforce a foreign divorce court order.

The Royal Court has pointed out that whilst the foreign divorce court is only considering the parties to the marriage and any minor children, it has to consider all of the beneficiaries of a trust, including unborn generations, and will only make it own orders to give effect to a foreign divorce court order to the extent that it is considered fair.

At the same time it will not wish to rehear the whole issue of what the division of wealth should be in order to decide what is fair. In most cases to date the Royal Court has made orders in the same or very similar terms as the foreign divorce court orders, but it is not bound to do so and if a case comes before it in which the foreign order is manifestly unfair then it is likely that it will not give full effect to the foreign order.

Likewise trustees or foundation councils of existing wealth planning structures should recommend a marrying beneficiary to enter into a pre-nup containing provisions which limit the ability to have the assets taken into account and waiving any right drag them and the assets they hold into divorce proceedings.

Wealth planning should be just as much part of wedding preparations as the bridal gown and flowers, and Collas Crill's experienced family and wealth planning lawyers will be pleased to advise you.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

In association with
Mondaq Advice Centre (MACs)
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.


Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.


Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.


A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.


If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.


This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.