Immigration has enjoyed the status of the hot potato of politics
for some time and with Brexit looming that is unlikely to change in
the near future. Many people may choose to change their
citizenship, particularly those involved with or married to a
person from another country, as well as individuals who are
planning to remain in Europe for the foreseeable future may also
want to become citizens of European country. A country with
membership in the European Union delivers automatic European
citizenship to its citizens and to all member countries as
introduced by the Maastrict Treaty 1992. European citizenship
is supplementary to national citizenship and provides a number of
rights, freedoms and legal protections, including freedom of
movement, settlement and employment across the European Union.
Italian citizenship is increasingly desirable for non-EU
citizens who would otherwise have to obtain a residency
permit. Italian citizenship is currently regulated by Law No.
91/1992 which assesses the importance of an individual's
intention and recognises the right to hold dual citizenship.
There are several ways to acquire Italian citizenship, however,
the main routes are as follows:
Descent from parents who are Italian citizens
Italian citizenship is principally acquired through jure
sanguinis (blood right) i.e. being born to Italian parents. A
male parent and the male line can transfer citizenship without
limit to the number of generations, although Italian citizenship
derives from 1861 when the country unified, prior to that there
were no Italian citizens. However a female parent and female
line could only transfer citizenship from 1948 onward until a
recent decision by the Supreme Court stated that the provision was
contrary to the principles of equality.
Marriage to an Italian citizen
Marriage to an Italian citizen automatically confers the right
of Italian citizenship on the foreign spouse, except in the
following cases: if an individual has carried serious
criminal activity anywhere in the world; if the individual is
deemed to be a security threat or a threat to public
There are further conditions to fulfil prior to the application,
two years of legal residency in Italy or three years if the parties
live abroad. The marriage must be viable throughout the
application process. There are no requirements to learn
Italian or have knowledge of Italy and the Italian
A non-EU citizen having legally resided in Italy for ten years
may apply for Italian citizenship and an EU citizen after four
years. A foreigner with native-born Italian parents or grandparents
who have lost their citizenship and therefore unable to pass
citizenship on, is entitled to apply after three years of legal
residency in Italy.
There are other ways of becoming an Italian citizen where
complex circumstances arise; the lawyers at Giambrone have
previously been able to overcome significant complications.
Including such obstacles as faced our client who hoped to use her
great-grandfather's lineage, only to find that her
great-grandfather had lost his Italian citizenship when he became a
naturalised citizen of America. The matter was additionally
compounded by the fact that her great-grandparents were married
prior to 1 January l948 before the Italian constitution was
created. Our lawyers conducted considerable research and
concluded that filing at the Ordinary Court of Rome would offer the
best possibility for success. The meticulous and
comprehensive petition presented by Giambrone ensured the success
of the application against the odds.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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Enacted on 12th January 2017, Ankara will grant citizenship to foreigners who buy at least USD 1 million worth of real estate or have at least USD 3 million deposited in Turkish banks, under the condition that this money won't be withdrawn and the real estate sold for at least 3 years.
The Spanish residence permit legislation was enacted on 27 September 2013.
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