India: Liberalised Remittance Scheme – RBI Harmonises Definitions And Reinforces Monitoring And Reporting Norms


The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued a circular dated 19 June 2018 (Circular) (Ref: RBI/2017-18/204. A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No. 32) amending the liberalised remittance scheme (LRS) as set out in the Master Direction – LRS issued from time to time (Master Directions).

Pursuant to the Circular:

  • The definition of 'relative' under the Master Directions has been aligned with the Companies Act 2013 (2013 Act).
  • Disclosure of permanent account number (PAN) has been made mandatory for all remittances under the LRS.
  • Certain reporting related norms have been clarified.


The LRS was notified by the RBI in March 2004 as a measure to facilitate resident individuals to remit funds abroad for permitted current or capital account transactions, or a combination of both. Under the LRS, authorised dealer banks (ADs) are authorised to permit remittances by resident individuals within the limits prescribed from time to time. The LRS limit has been revised periodically, in-line with the prevailing macro and micro economic conditions. The current limit of US$ 250,000 per financial year has been in effect since 26 May 2015.

Key Highlights of Circular

  • Definition of 'relative' under LRS

    • Previously, the definition of the term 'relative' in the Master Directions was as defined in the Companies Act 1956 (1956 Act).
    • The definition of 'relative' under the 1956 Act was broader and included many second-degree relations that were subsequently dropped in the 2013 Act. A comparative list of relations covered in the 1956 Act and the 2013 Act is set out in the Annexure.
    • The definition of 'relative' is of particular relevance to remittances under the LRS, as resident individuals may use the LRS to remit funds:

      • as loans to relatives that are non-resident Indians,
      • for maintenance of such relatives, and
      • as Indian Rupee denominated gifts to relatives that are non-resident Indians or persons of Indian origin.
  • Disclosure of PAN now mandatory: Previously, PAN was mandatory for making remittances under the LRS only for capital account transactions and permissible current account transactions above US$ 25,000. PAN is now mandatory for all remittances under the LRS.
  • Reporting under LRS.

    Reporting by ADs and overall monitoring by the RBI has increased considerably pursuant to the Circular. ADs are now required to make the following submissions:

    • information on remittances made under the LRS to the RBI on a monthly basis, on or before the fifth of the following month to which it relates through an Online Returns Filing System (ORFS);
    • transaction-wise information under the LRS on a daily (i.e., T+1) basis pursuant to a circular dated 12 April 2018 (Ref: RBI/2017-18/161. A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No. 23) issued by the RBI;
    • information as prescribed in the Master Direction for Authorised Persons for Reporting under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999. This information is to be submitted in addition to the reporting requirements under the Circular; and
    • remittances made under the LRS must be reported in Foreign Exchange Transactions Electronic Reporting System (FETERS) to the Department of Statistics and Information Management (DSIM).
    In addition, ADs are required to comply with the following:

    • ADs are required to prepare and keep on record dummy Forms A2 for remittances less than US$ 25,000; and
    • ADs are required to ensure that all data under the various reporting mechanisms matches.


The alignment of the definition of 'relative' with the 2013 Act is a positive move by the RBI in removing ambiguity in relation to the LRS. Though the additional reporting increases the burden on Ads, this is in line with the RBI's recent emphasis on the need to monitor remittances overseas more strictly and maintain proper records of such remittances. The consequence of this could also be more procedural work and hassles for persons remitting money under the LRS but overall it is a good step to track remittances abroad in the wake of recent high-profile frauds.


1. Members of a Hindu undivided family Covered Covered
2. Husband Covered Covered
3. Wife Covered Covered
4. Father Covered Covered
5. Step father Not Covered Covered
6. Mother Covered Covered
7. Step mother Covered Covered
8. Son Covered Covered
9. Step son Covered Covered
10. Son's wife Covered Covered
11. Daughter Covered Covered
12. Step daughter Covered Not Covered
13. Daughter's husband Covered Covered
14. Brother Covered Covered
15. Step brother Covered Covered
16. Sister Covered Covered
17. Step sister Covered Covered
18. Father's father Covered Not Covered
19. Father's mother Covered Not Covered
20. Mother's mother Covered Not Covered
21. Mother's father Covered Not Covered
22. Sons' daughter's husband Covered Not Covered
23. Daughter's son Covered Not Covered
24. Daughter's son's wife Covered Not Covered
25. Daughter's daughter Covered Not Covered
26. Daughter's daughter's husband Covered Not Covered
27. Brother's wife Covered Not Covered
28. Sister's husband Covered Not Covered
29. Son's Son Covered Not Covered
30. Son's son's wife Covered Not Covered
31. Son's daughter Covered Not Covered

The content of this document do not necessarily reflect the views/position of Khaitan & Co but remain solely those of the author(s). For any further queries or follow up please contact Khaitan & Co at

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

In association with
Related Topics
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Sign Up
Gain free access to lawyers expertise from more than 250 countries.
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Newsalert
Select Topics
Select Regions
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions