Any person who has commenced employment in Guernsey since 1
December 1989 must possess a Right to Work document.
The four principal categories of Right to Work documents
A Status Declaration
This is issued to a local person who is a qualified resident as
defined in Guernsey's Housing Laws. A qualified resident is
typically a person born and brought up in Guernsey, or who has
lived in Guernsey for many years and has close connections with the
A Housing Licence
This is any licence issued by the Housing Authority to allow a
person who is not a qualified resident to live in specified
accommodation. Housing licences can be employment-related, or
alternatively they may be issued or other "compassionate"
grounds. Employment-related housing licences fall into two
categories: short term licences, which recognise a need for
manpower which is in short supply (typically unskilled or
semi-skilled work); and essential workers licences, which are
issued for skilled positions.
Short-term licences are typically granted for up to nine months.
Essential workers licences are normally granted for a longer
period, typically between three to five years. In limited cases
(where an employer can demonstrate that continuity in the post is
essential, or the skills of the post holder are in short supply on
a national or international basis) an essential workers licence can
be granted for up to fifteen years.
Employment-related housing licences are tied to an
individual's employment and are not transferable.
A Declaration of Lawful Residence
This is issued to a person not otherwise residentially
qualified, but who is living legally in the Island, for example as
spouse or member of the household of a qualified resident or
licence holder, or who is the lawful occupant of a certain type of
property known in Guernsey as "Open Market" property.
Residential accommodation in Guernsey is divided into two
distinct types: Open Market property and Local Market property.
Occupation of Local Market property is restricted to those holding
residential qualifications or a housing licence and members of
their respective households. Open Market property is available to
A Temporary Exemption Certificate
This may be granted pending issue of one of the categories of
documents listed above.
Regulations require employers to keep a record of the Right to
Work document held by every employee taken on since 1 December
1989. The record must cover the type of Right to Work document
issued, its reference number and expiry date. Failure to possess a
Right to Work document is a criminal offence for which both the
employee and employer can be liable.
Further information on Guernsey's Housing Control and Right
to Work Laws is available on the States of Guernsey Housing
Department website: www.gov.gg/ccm/navigation/housing /
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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