An application for a priority preliminary ruling on the issue of
constitutionality (Question prioritaire de
constitutionnalité, QPC) is the right
of any person who is involved in legal proceedings before a court
to argue that a statutory provision infringes rights and freedoms
guaranteed by the French Constitution.
Three conditions must be met for an application to be ultimately
referred by the Conseil d'Etat or the Cour de
cassation to the French Constitutional Council (Conseil
The challenged statutory provision must apply to the litigation
or proceedings involved or be the basis of such proceedings.
The challenged statutory provision must have not been
previously found to be compliant to the French Constitution by the
The issue raised must be a new one or of a serious
The Conseil Constitutionnel must give its ruling within
three months and, if need be, repeal the challenged statutory
provision, after referral made by the French Supreme Courts, which
have ensured that the abovementioned conditions of admissibility
have been complied with.
The Conseil d'Etat recently referred to the
Conseil constitutionnel three interesting QPC in the field
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