Cyprus: The Necessity For Cyprus To Ratify The Council Of Europe "Convention On Preventing And Combating Violence Against Women And Domestic Violence"

The Council of Europe Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence, better known as the "Istanbul Convention", was adopted in May 2011 in Istanbul and entered into force in August 2014.

Its crucial significance lies in the fact that it is one of the two Treaties, existing today in the world, that focus exclusively on the elimination of all forms of Violence against women, the second one being the Convention of Belem do Para. The "Istanbul Convention" identifies as criminal offences actions of physical and psychological violence against women, such as stalking, sexual violence including rape, forced marriages, acts of female genital mutilation, forced abortions and forced sterilizations, sexual harassment etc.

By listing and establishing as criminal offences all the forms that Violence against Women may take, the Convention creates an advanced and comprehensive legal framework on three significant aspects aiming at the elimination of Violence against women, which are:

  • Prevention and combat of all actions of violence against women,
  • Protection of the victims of these actions and
  • Prosecution of those accused to commit such actions.

The "Istanbul Convention" is based on the mutual understanding that violence against women is a form of gender-based violence, a brutal form of discrimination and violation of fundamental human rights that is committed against women because they are women.

According to the EU statistics, 1 in 3 women in the EU has been a victim of physical and/or sexual violence since the age of 15, 1 in 20 women have been raped, over the half (55%) of women have experienced sexual harassment, 1 in 3 women has suffered abusive behavior by a partner and 1 in 3 women has been a victim of physical or sexual violence by an adult during childhood.

These statistics are truly sad and frustrating. Unfortunately, the vast majority of actions of violence against women never come to the attention of the police because most of the victims are too afraid and embarrassed to report them.

In Cyprus, although the Government signed on the 16th of June of 2015 the "Istanbul Convention", it has not proceeded to the Ratification of the Treaty yet, as significant funding and resources are required in order for the Treaty to be effectively implemented and to serve its purpose. More precisely, the Treaty provides for the immediate creation of accessible shelters for women-victims, of specialized help-centers with professionals offering the relevant assistance to the victims and specific telephone helplines that help the victims contact all the relevant authorities.

Furthermore, the new domestic legislation and measures that the Cyprus Government has to pass in order to ratify the Treaty must assure that all the State authorities such as the Police and state hospitals in Cyprus as well as other non-state actors, such as private clinics and/or non-governmental organizations helping women, are provided with all the power and means needed to protect the victims and bring the persons accused of committing these criminal actions to justice.

The Cyprus Government can and must take examples from other EU Countries that have successfully ratified the Treaty such as France, Italy and Spain.

For instance, a major step that Italy has taken right after the Ratification of the Treaty in Italy in 2013 was the creation of a web-series program on violence against women, focusing on how men can choose non-violent behavior towards women. The web-series was used in schools with the objective to educate and prevent young people – as future adults - from abusive and violent acts against women and teach them how to respect women from a young age.

Spain, which ratified the Treaty in April 2014, has established specialized bodies in the police department as well as the judiciary dealing exclusively with violence against women, providing the staff of these bodies with appropriate training and education.

France, which ratified the Treaty in July 2014, launched a massive campaign on sexual harassment in public transport with the aim to raise awareness and to encourage reporting of such actions and prosecution of the perpetrators.

The aforementioned examples should be taken into consideration by the Cyprus Government in order for the Ratification of the Treaty to take place and to be successfully implemented in the Cypriot society and environment. Cyprus, despite its relatively small size and population, has a major problem of violent actions against women, since according to statistics between 2005 until 2015 there have been reported 9,793 incidents of violence against women.

Dealing with acts of violence against women is not an easy thing. It requires determination and funds from the Cyprus Government, and a strong co-operation between state authorities and non-state actors. Furthermore, it requires a deep change in the culture, the educational and legal system in a way that it will empower women, in order to successfully protect the victims and prosecute the perpetrators.
The Minister of Justice in Cyprus, in recent declarations in the Media in February 2017, stated that the Cyprus Government is currently working hard to implement the basic provisions of the Treaty, in order for its Ratification to finally take place at the end of the year 2017.

Hopefully this will be the case, and a new brighter era for the prevention and combat of violence against women will come in Cyprus.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions