Worldwide: 乘势高飞——航空金融市场的主要趋势与发展 / Take To The Skies – Key Trends And Developments In The Aviation Finance Market

Last Updated: 9 March 2018
Article by Kevin Butler

由于航空运输需求不断增加,飞机市场有望在未来几年蓬勃发展。正考虑租赁或购买飞机的投资者应当考量飞机租赁市场呈现的趋势及其中的利益。

由于航空运输需求不断增加,飞机市场有望在未来几年蓬勃发展。导致这一需求增加的因素有很多,其中主要包括:旅游业复苏所带来的客流量增加、新兴市场中产阶级的增长以及亚洲低成本飞机的兴起。

随着飞机的更新换代和数量的增加,飞机市场有望在未来五至十年大幅增长。到2024年,全球商业租赁飞机的资产类别组合价值将接近5000亿。这些市场趋势将会增加支持金融资源的需求。

行业发展与趋势


根据空中客车公司的研究,在未来20年,客运周转量(RPK)的增长将主要来自中国、印度、非洲和拉美等新兴国家与地区。到2036年,这些地区将占RPK增长量的5.8%,而西欧、北美、日本和澳大利亚等发达地区将只占每年RPK增长量的3.2%。

波音公司在其《当前市场展望2017-2036》报告中,预测在未来20年里,全球将需要投入更多飞机以满足日益增长的航空运输需求。全球商用喷气式飞机总数将会在2036年翻倍,以满足预计要比现在增加2.5倍的飞行市场需求。除此之外,现在的23500架商用喷气式飞机中有3/4需要替换,带来了超过41000架飞机的新需求。

航空金融的主要区域


爱尔兰 美国 中国 香港 新加坡是航空租赁市场架构的主要部分。为从航空市场的发展趋势中获利,这些地区已在引入新的飞机租赁架构资金要求并调整制度。

爱尔兰是欧洲航空金融和租赁行业的发起地,该国税制以及与其他国家达成的大量优质税收协定,已成为一个稳定且适宜发展航空金融的国家。

在亚洲,香港和新加坡一直在争相吸引利润丰厚的航空租赁业务。去年,两地都推出新的立法,为航空租赁行业提供包括优惠税制在内的多种便利,详情请参阅文章" 新的立法变更使香港和新加坡的飞机租赁业务方面更具竞争力",了解香港与新加坡进行的具体调整。

租赁飞机与购买飞机


多年来,税收优惠和资金方面的低要求,使人们对租赁飞机产生兴趣,将其作为购买飞机的替代选项。飞机租赁合同中灵活的租赁支付模式、可延期的租约、周到的保养协议和处理弃用飞机的项目等,都提高了飞机租赁的可依赖性。

需要注意的是,无论是租赁或购买飞机,投资者应把管理中心设于国内并明确地表明在该地区所进行的实质性活动,包括建立一个当地办事处和聘请员工,这也适用于几乎所有飞机租赁架构税收优惠提供国。因此,投资者应考虑以上优惠税制带来的利益多于设置店铺的费用。

对于是租飞机还是买飞机的问题,潜在投资人应当考虑到这些飞机租赁的趋势与利益。

需要更多信息?


TMF Group具有丰富的专业企业服务经验,我们的 航空金融服务可以为企业及特殊目的机构提供飞机购买与租赁服务。我们有全球上百个特殊目的机构飞机的租赁经验,客户包括银行、航空公司、私人股权投资、对冲基金和飞机出租商。

请阅读我们的 Air Lease Corporation案例分析 (只有英文版),了解我们如何帮助全球客户在世界各地拓展业务。

按此了解我们的航空金融服务可以如何帮您的业务再达新高峰

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