China: The Antitrust Enforcement Announcement Of SAIC: Chongqing Qingyang Pharma Abused Its Market Dominance By Refusing To Deal (In Chinese)

Last Updated: 21 January 2016
Article by AnJie Law Firm

经国家工商行政管理总局授权,重庆市工商行政管理局于2014年12月对重庆青阳药业有限公司涉嫌滥用市场支配地位拒绝交易行为进行立案调查,于2015年10月28日对涉案当事人作出行政处罚决定,现予公告。

处罚决定书链接:重庆青阳药业有限公司涉嫌滥用市场支配地位拒绝交易案

二〇一五年十二月二十

附件: 重庆市工商行政管理局

行政处罚决定书

渝工商经处 字〔2015〕15 号

当事人:重庆青阳药业有限公司

类型:有限责任公司

住所:重庆市江北区寸滩水口兴药村426号4-2号

法定代表人:杨立新

注册资本:6220万人民币整

成立日期:2002年05月21日

注册号:500105000027516

经营范围:生产片剂(含激素类)、胶囊剂、颗粒剂、软膏剂、溶液剂(外用)、原料药(度米芬、磷酸哌嗪、枸橼酸哌嗪、别嘌醇、茶碱、氨茶碱、氨丁三醇、齐墩果酸、硝苯地平、盐酸雷尼替丁、吡哌酸、阿普唑仑、阿昔洛韦、双嘧达莫、吡拉西坦、法莫替丁、联苯苄唑、依诺沙星、盐酸左旋咪唑、西咪替丁、氯化钙)、精神药品(阿普唑仑原料药、阿普唑仑片)、药用辅料(羧甲淀粉钠)(有效期至2015年12月21日)。一般经营项目:从事货物及技术进出口业务。【国家法律、行政法规禁止的不得经营;国家法律、行政法规规定取得许可后方可从事经营的,未取得许可前不得经营】

重庆青阳药业有限公司到我局咨询,称其在2013年9月与湖南湘百合医药公司(以下简称湘百合公司)签订《别嘌醇原料经销协议》(以下简称《协议》)后,客户反映其经营行为违反《中华人民共和国反垄断法》(以下简称《反垄断法》)的相关规定。为避免更大的法律责任,当事人向我局提供了《协议》原件和别嘌醇原料药、制剂的相关生产情况,请求我局对其经营活动是否违法进行确认。对此,我局按照《工商行政管理机关查处垄断协议、滥用市场支配地位案件程序规定》(以下简称《程序规定》)对当事人反映的问题开展核查,走访了有关部门和机构,对当事人和相关企业进行初步调查。经核查,我局认为当事人涉嫌滥用在别嘌醇原料药市场上的支配地位实施拒绝交易行为。2014年11月,我局按照《程序规定》将核查情况报告国家工商行政管理总局并申请授权我局对当事人的行为进行立案调查。2014年12月,国家工商行政管理总局授权我局对当事人启动反垄断调查。本局依法于2015年8月11日向当事人送达了《重庆市工商行政管理局行政处罚听证告知书》,依法告知了当事人拟作出行政处罚的事实、理由、依据、处罚内容以及当事人依法享有陈述、申辩或举行听证的权利。当事人在规定期限内未向本局提出陈述、申辩意见也未要求举行听证。

一、相关市场的认定

滥用市场支配地位行为的主体是在相关市场具有支配地位的经营者。因此,界定相关市场通常是查处滥用市场支配地位行为的重要步骤和起点。

《反垄断法》第十二条第二款规定:"本法所称相关市场,是指经营者在一定时期内就特定商品或者服务(以下统称商品)进行竞争的商品范围和地域范围。"《国务院反垄断委员会关于相关市场界定指南》第三条规定:"在反垄断执法实践中,通常需要界定相关商品市场和相关地域市场。相关商品市场是根据商品的特性、用途及价格等因素,由需求者认为具有较为紧密替代关系的一组或一类商品所构成的市场。相关地域市场是指需求者获取具有较为紧密替代关系的商品的地理区域。"第四条规定:"在反垄断执法实践中,相关市场范围的大小主要取决于商品(地域)的可替代程度。在市场竞争中对经营者行为构成直接和有效竞争约束的,是市场存在需求者认为具有较强替代关系的商品或能够提供这些商品的地域。因此界定相关市场主要从需求者角度进行需求替代分析。"本案涉嫌的违法行为是当事人滥用市场支配地位拒绝向市场提供其生产的别嘌醇原料药。我局依照《反垄断法》和《国务院反垄断委员会关于相关市场界定的指南》的规定,围绕别嘌醇原料药对相关市场进行考量。

(一)本案相关商品市场

药品是一种特殊的商品,其质量直接关系人们的身体健康。根据《中华人民共和国药品管理法》(以下简称《药品管理法》)第一百零二条规定:"药品,是指用于预防、治疗、诊断人的疾病,有目的地调节人的生理机能并规定有适应症或者功能主治、用法和用量的物质,包括中药材、中药饮片、中成药、化学原料药及其制剂、抗生素、生化药品、放射性药品、血清、疫苗、血液制品和诊断药品等。辅料,是指生产药品和调配处方时所用的赋形剂和附加剂。"化学原料药及其制剂都属于

药品。在我国境内从事化学原料药及其制剂的研制、生产、经营、使用和监督管理的单位或个人,必须遵守《药品管理法》的规定。

原料药的概念主要是相对于制剂来说,是指用于生产各类制剂的原料药物,是制剂中的有效成份,由化学合成、植物提取或者生物技术所制备的各种用来作为药用的粉末、结晶、浸膏等,旨在用于药品制造中的任何一种物质或物质的混合物。此种物质在疾病的诊断、治疗、症状缓解,处理或疾病的预防中有药理活性或其它直接作用,或者能影响机体的功能或结构。化学原料药只有加工成为制剂,才能成为可供临床应用的药品。

化学药品制剂是为适应治疗或预防的需要,按照一定的剂型要求所制成的,可以最终提供给用药对象使用的药品。

相对于制剂而言,化学原料药的生产往往包含复杂的化学变化或生物变化。化学原料药的生产是基于化学单元反应,以及单元化工操作进行的。因化学原料药的生产涉及高压、高温、剧毒、易燃易爆、腐蚀等安全问题,国家对化学原料药的生产采用非常严格的认证制度进行监管。而制剂的生产过程很少有化学结构的变化,相对原料药生产较安全。使用化学原料药生产其制剂主要涉及药剂学相关知识,其解决的是处方设计、生产工艺、合理应用以及药物制剂剂型和药物的吸收、分布、代谢及排泄关系的问题。

别嘌醇是治疗高尿酸血症的常见药。高尿酸血症又称痛风,是嘌呤代谢紊乱所致的疾病,其临床特点为高尿酸血症及由此而引起的痛风性急性关节炎反复发作、痛风石沉积、痛风石性慢性关节炎和关节畸形,常影响肾脏,引起慢性间质性肾炎和尿酸肾结石形成。高尿酸血症近几年的发病率不断上升,已成为一种常见疾病,这与人们生活水平的提高有密不可分的关系。人们食用过多含有嘌呤的各种高营养食物,使嘌呤的代谢物尿酸增高,并长期处在一个很高的水平,不能完全排出体外,导致高尿酸血症发生。临床上,治疗高尿酸血症主要从三个环节入手,一是阻止尿酸在血液中的形成;二是促进尿酸排泄;三是在痛风病急性发作期止痛。

To continue reading this article, please click here.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
 
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions