The Amendment permits a new or existing SPC to incorporate a PIC on behalf of a relevant cell or segregated portfolio.  The PIC, instead of the segregated portfolio, would then conduct the relevant insurance business. Unlike the traditional segregated portfolio or cell, a PIC will be a separate legal entity (i.e., an exempted company limited by shares).

A PIC will not need to be separately licensed as an insurance company as it will operate under the licence held by the SPC.  It will, however, be regulated by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA).  Among other things, a PIC must include in its name the letters "PIC" or "P.I.C." or the words "Portfolio Insurance Company," carry on insurance business only in accordance with its business plan, maintain a margin of solvency and adequate capital in accordance with prescribed requirements (such requirements are still to come), maintain adequate arrangements for the management of risks, and maintain an effective system of governance approved by CIMA.

Unless otherwise provided by CIMA in writing, a PIC will also be required to submit an annual return to CIMA within six months of the end of its financial year along with audited financial statements and in certain cases, for example where the PIC writes long term business, an actuarial valuation of its assets and liabilities and a certification of solvency.

The Amendment requires PICs to have a minimum of two directors and permits PICs to have the same directors, managers and officers as the SPC or such other persons approved by CIMA as fit and proper persons. 

The Amendment also requires a PIC to be at all times controlled by the SPC and an SPC may not control more than one PIC for each segregated portfolio.  In addition, pursuant to the Amendment, no voting shares in a PIC can be issued, transferred or disposed of in any manner without the prior approval of CIMA.

Some benefits of a PIC include:

  • the ability to have a separate board of directors from that of the SPC provides flexibility in terms of corporate governance;
  • a PIC can contract with any person including its own SPC and other cells or PICs within the same SPC which is helpful in terms of reinsurance, quota sharing and pooling;
  • counterparties who are not familiar with segregated portfolios may more readily accept a PIC as opposed to a segregated portfolio; 
  • a single PIC can be wound up without affecting its controlling SPC or other PICs which was not previously possible within a SPC structure; and
  • a PIC can easily be converted into a standalone captive insurance company.

The Amendment also creates a new category of Class B(iv) insurer and amends the Class B(iii) category of insurer so that pursuant to the Amendment, an insurer will now fall within Class B(iii) if 50% or less of its net written premiums originate from the insurer's related business and annual net earned premiums are less than US$20 million.  An insurer will fall within Class B(iv) if 50% or less of its net written premiums originate from the insurer's related business and annual net earned premiums are equal to or greater than US$20 million.

The Cayman Islands government has stated that the Amendment is more cost effective and efficient than introducing standalone incorporated cell company legislation, will boost Cayman's competitiveness, and will help contain the costs of doing business for insurers.  

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