According to the International Telecommunications Union's
recent report, Measuring the Information Society, Canada
ranked 19th on the 2007 ICT Development Index, down from 9th in
2002. The ICT Development Index examines information and
communication technologies (ICT) developments in more than 150
countries over a five-year period (2002 to 2007). It aggregates 11
indicators, including literacy and education; fixed and mobile
telephone penetration; the proportion of households with a computer
and Internet access; and the proportion of fixed and mobile
Internet users, as well as international Internet bandwidth
available to these users.
On the ICT access front, Canada's proportion of households
with computers and Internet access increased. Fixed telephone line
penetration, however, declined from 65.9 per 100 inhabitants in
2002 to 55.5 per 100 inhabitants in 2007. While Canada's mobile
cellular penetration increased from 37.9 per cent in 2002 to 61.7
per cent in 2007, Canada slipped from 46th to
83rd spot in the rankings on this indicator, behind
Kazakhstan, Armenia, Bosnia and Libya.
Between 2002 and 2007, Canada improved its ICT use (which
measures Internet user penetration and fixed and mobile broadband
penetration) from 2.67 to 4.01. Despite this increase, Canada
actually dropped from fourth spot in 2002 to 21st place in 2007. It
was overtaken by Northern and Western European countries, which
experienced a huge uptake in fixed broadband over the five-year
period. Canada's decline is somewhat surprising considering it
had the second-lowest relative price for fixed broadband.
Out of 154 countries surveyed, Canada trailed behind at least 50
other nations in the area of mobile broadband, with only 1.5
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants at the end of 2007. The report
did note, however, that mobile broadband has only just started in
Canada. New wireless licensees that participated in Industry
Canada's 2008 Advanced Wireless Services spectrum auction have
announced plans for market entry during 2009 or 2010.
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Software license agreements generally require the customer to pay fees for the software license and related services, which fees are usually based upon the duration of the license and the manner in which the customer is allowed to use the software, together with applicable taxes and withholdings.
In less than nine months, on July 1, 2017, persons affected by a contravention of Canada's anti-spam legislation will be able to invoke a private right of action to sue for compensation and potentially substantial statutory damages.
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