Canada: 加拿大大麻合法化:这对您的员工有什么影响?

Last Updated: February 7 2019
Article by Lisa Wilcox

2018年10月17日,随着大麻法令在加拿大正式生效,大麻在该国也正式合法化。上述法令提供了一个法律框架去控制大麻的生产、销售、分销和持有。在法令允许成人合法接触大麻的同时,您也必须了解这对您员工的影响。

虽然大麻如今已合法化,但这不代表员工可以在工作时吸食,或在办公室藏有大麻。大麻法令里也涵盖了修正版的非烟民健康法令(NSHA),禁止员工在工作地点吸食大麻,旨在保护在联邦监管工作场合和指定交通工具上的非吸烟者,让他们免受二手烟侵害。

新政策

加拿大雇主如今有权制定在工作场合使用非医药用大麻的规则和政策。大部分的企业已有相关的毒品和酒精政策制定,禁止员工在工作场合使用受管制物品,避免员工在工作时出现神志不清的情形。这些政策需要定时更新,与时下的酒精政策条例看齐。雇主需要清楚了解"身体控制力减弱"的定义。既然在工作场合出现迷醉情况是不可接受的,该定义的范围就不应该是狭隘的。新政策还需包括对不遵守新条例的员工的回响及适当的协议。一旦现有的政策全都更新后,所有员工都必须详细阅读,同时确认他们明白并遵守职场的大麻相关新条例。

医药用大麻

对于残疾员工或其他遭到身体/精神损害、又需要使用医药大麻处方的员工,雇主有责任满足其需求。雇主理应给予这些员工合适的工作场合,就像如何对待使用药物处方的员工一样。惟另一方面,使用医药用大麻并不意味着授权员工可以:

  • 在工作时出现神志不清的状态
  • 不顾自身和他人安全
  • 在工作场合吸食大麻
  • 无故缺席

上述条例也应被列入新的职场政策内。

保健计划选择

随着大麻合法化,那些还未进行跟进的保险从业员可能会考虑将大麻纳为涵盖药物范围内,这覆盖范围类似其他的处方药物。雇主需要思考是否要将这加入集团的雇员保险计划内。这是大麻合法化后,企业需要考虑的另一个事项。

TMF加拿大办事处

大麻在法律地位上的变化对雇主造成了一些前所未有的挑战。企业必须为员工制定新政策,而 TMF加拿大办事处除了 人力资源与薪酬服务以外,也能提供其他全方位服务。我们的专家团队已准备好,帮助于加拿大营商的本地和全球企业。

欢迎联系我们在加拿大的专家,了解我们能如何协助您的公司。

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